Shorefishes of the Eastern Pacific online information system

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Species: Prionotus miles, Galapagos gurnard, Galapagos searobin, Orange-throat gurnard, Orange-throat searobin

All Families:   All Genera:   All Species:

large head
steep front profile
D1: outer 3/4 dark
C: black blotches, white edge
pectoral: long, black/ dark + black spots, + blue margin

Prionotus miles Jenyns, 1840

Galapagos Searobin, Orange-throat Searobin, Orange-throat Gurnard, Galapagos Gurnard

Head deep, with steep front profile, snout concave; wide between eyes; no projecting snout plates; no transverse groove across top of head behind eyes; center of radiation of bony ridges on cheek without a spine; teeth on jaws and roof of mouth simple; two separate dorsal fins, X + 10-12; pectoral fins relatively long, reaching to middle of anal fin, 13-14 rays, with 2-3 enlarged free rays at bottom; body with rough scales; rear flap of operculum with scales; nape scaled; lateral-line scales 75-80.

Generally grey brown above, abruptly white belly, with row of orange spots along junction of those colors; a broad triangular red-brown blotch under eye; under throat orange; outer 3/4 of first dorsal fin dark; pectoral fin blackish or grey with rows of dark spots, and with blue-white margin; tail fin with dark blotches forming bars, white margin.

Size: reaches 30 cm.

Inhabits sand-rubble bottoms in the vicinity of rocky reefs.

Depth: 20-30 m.

Galapagos Islands.


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Salinity
  • Marine Only
  • Marine
Inshore/Offshore
  • Inshore Only
  • Inshore
Water Column Position
  • Bottom only
  • Bottom
Habitat
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
  • Soft bottom only
  • Sand & gravel
  • Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom)
FishBase Habitat
  • Reef Associated
Feeding Group
  • Data
  • Carnivore
Diet
  • Octopus/squid/cuttlefish
  • Data
  • Mobile benthic worms
  • Mobile benthic gastropods/bivalves
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
Egg Type
  • Pelagic larva
  • No data
  • Pelagic
Global Endemism
  • Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) endemic
  • All species
  • East Pacific endemic
Regional Endemism
  • TEP oceanic island (s) endemic
  • Galapagos Islands endemic
  • Island (s)
  • Island (s) only
  • All species
  • TEP endemic
Residency
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Equatorial (Costa Rica to Ecuador + Galapagos, Clipperton, Cocos, Malpelo)
IUCN Red List
  • Vulnerable
  • Listed
CITES
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 30
Depth Range Min
  • 20
Depth Range Max
  • 30