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Species: Scorpaena afuerae, Peruvian scorpionfish

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deep pits before & behind eye
scarlet + red blotches
all fins: red bars
ridge under eye - 3-4 spines
body: no skin flaps

Scorpaena afuerae Hildebrand, 1946

Peruvian scorpionfish

Head large, depressed, spiny; deep depressions before & behind eyes; longitudinal ridge below eye with 3-4 spines; teeth on sides and center of roof of mouth; preopercle 5 spines, top one largest, one below that well developed, row of fringed flaps along margin; row of 3 spines behind eye, and 2 at upper edge of opercle; skin flaps above front of top jaw, none on lower jaw, none in body; 15-16 gill rakers; dorsal XII, 9-10; pectoral 19-21 rays, upper rays branched, lower rays unbranched, thickened; anal III, 5; scales smooth, 24 on lateral line, 49-51 vertical rows.

Body, head and fins scarlet to orange brown with red mottling & spotting; irregular red barring on fins; spiny dorsal all red.

Size: 37 cm.

Habitat: rocky and rubble bottoms.

Depth: 35-100 m.

The tip of Baja California to to Peru, Cocos Island.

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  • Marine Only
  • Marine
  • Inshore Only
  • Inshore
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
  • Bottom only
  • Reef and soft bottom
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
  • Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom)
  • Rocks
  • Reef (rock/coral/oyster)
  • Sand & gravel
FishBase Habitat
  • Demersal
Feeding Group
  • No Data
  • Carnivore
  • No Data
  • Bony fishes
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
  • Octopus/squid/cuttlefish
Egg Type
  • No data
  • Pelagic larva
  • Pelagic
Global Endemism
  • All species
  • Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) endemic
  • East Pacific endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Island (s)
  • Continent + Island (s)
  • TEP endemic
  • Continent
  • All species
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • South Temperate (Peruvian Province )
  • Equatorial (Costa Rica to Ecuador + Galapagos, Clipperton, Cocos, Malpelo)
  • Northern Subtropical (Cortez Province + Sinaloan Gap)
  • Northern Tropical (Mexican Province to Nicaragua + Revillagigedos)
IUCN Red List
  • Least concern
  • Listed
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 37
Depth Range Min
  • 35
Depth Range Max
  • 100