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  • body height < 1/2 SL
    large elongate dark blotch behind operculum
    pectoral: outer 1/3 dark
    LL straight, 40-45
    D 75-85: A 59-67
  • mouth 23-26% head length
    body height > 1/2 SL
    body & fins dark
    dark scale margins
    pectoral uniform color
    LL straight, 43-48
    D 75-89; A 59-70
  • body height < 1/2 SL
    mouth 24-30% head
    violet-brown; LL: few blotches
    pectoral: outer 1/2 dark
    LL straight, 33-37
    D 71-77; A 53-62
  • eyes together, parallel
    snout < eye
    D: rays 3-5 elongate
    tail base wide
    7-9 lower gill rakers
    pectoral: 1st ray long