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  • C: angular point
    preopercle: 5-7 large teeth
    A: 7; 2nd spine thick, 80% 1st ray
  • mouth ends under pupil
    C: angular point
    preopercle: 8-10 spines
    pectoral 16-17
    A: 8; 2nd spine long
  • dark lines along scale rows
    D 24-26
    C: round or S shape
    preopercle: 8-10 strong teeth
    gill rakers 18-23
    A: 2nd spine thick, long, 7
  • elongate
    snout rounded
    C: S shape or rounded
    preopercle: 14-16 weak spines
    A: 2nd spine thick, long, 7
  • D 21-23
    C: angular point
    preopercle: 8-10 spines
    gill rakers 22-26
    A: 7; 2nd spine long, thick
  • head firm, forehead concave
    snout pointed, overhanging
    C: blunt point or rounded
    roof of mouth black
    preopercle: 2 spines, lower points down
    pelvics with filaments
    5-6 scale rows- LL to D origin
  • head firm, snout overhanging
    C: blunt point
    preopercle: 9-12 spines
    chin: 6 pores
    pelvic with filament
    17-21 gill rakers
    A: 2nd spine 2/3 1st ray