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  • deep oval
    depression before eye
    D XI or XIII
    soft D & A: no scales
    under chin - 2 pores, no central groove
  • distinctive stripes/bars
    D & A: scales between rays
    thick lips
    chin with central groove
    A: 2nd spine is largest, 9-10 rays
  • D & A: soft parts densely scaled nearly to edge
    red inside mouth
    A: 2nd & 3rd spines similar
  • soft D & A no scales on membranes between rays (outside basal scale sheath)
    body scales - no small accessory scales
    A: 2nd & 3rd spines similar
  • soft D & A no scales
    lips not thick
    chin with central groove
    A: 2nd spine is largest, 7-8 rays