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  • deep pits before & behind eye
    scarlet + red blotches
    all fins: red bars
    ridge under eye - 3-4 spines
    body: no skin flaps
  • body not humped
    eye large, upper 1/3 with 9 cirri
    between eyes - wide, with 2 crests
    red + white blotches
    opercle red spots
    ridge under eye - 1 small spine
    C: 2 dark bars
    lower front body scales well exposed
  • deep depressions before & after eyes
    red brown
    body & fins dense dark spots
    scales smooth, small, >70 rows
    ridge under eye - usually no spines
  • shallow pit behind eyes
    color variable, mottled
    black blotch with yellow flaps over pectoral
    ridge under eye 0-1 spines
    body: many skin flaps
  • deep pits before & behind eye
    mottled + white spots
    inside pectoral: black blotch, rows white spots
    bars on C
    ridge under eye: 3-4 spines
    body: many skin flaps
  • shallow pits before & behind eyes
    mottled red/brown
    pectoral: black tip
    soft D - rows dots
    soft D: 3-4 rows brown dots
    ridge under eye: 3 small spines
    lower front body scales imbedded
  • between eyes flat
    red/brown mottled
    soft D: large dark blotch
    ridge under eye: 0-2 small spines
    lower front body scales imbedded
  • body humped; snout short
    eyes: narrow between them, pit behind them
    eyes: tabs down from top
    front body: blotch under LL
    soft D&A: 2 dark bars
    C clear + dark base
    D 8
    ridge under eye 2 spines; 2nd preopercular spine small
    dark bar under eye
    opercle 2 dark blotches