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  • in mouth yellow
    lower jaw tip black
    D X(IX-X) +I, 19-22
    C: center point
    pectoral > pelvic
    LL 54-58
    scales: body & operculum rough, head smooth
    LL scales smaller
    D2 & A - low scale sheath
  • deep long head
    snout crest
    D 22-24
    LL scales enlarged
    pectorals reach pelvic tips
    lower gill rakers 9-11
    A 14-15
    pectoral 27-28
    all scales smooth
    D2 & A scaled
  • large head & eye
    D IX-X+ I, 18-21
    C edge: blunt, angular/rounded
    roof mouth & gill chamber black
    pectoral long
    soft D & A: inner 1/2 scaled
    rear 3/4 body scales rough
  • large head & eye
    D X-XI+ I, 23-26
    C edge: straight/pointed
    in mouth & gill chamber black
    pectoral long
    soft D & A: few basal scales
    body scales rough
  • D IX-X + I, 23-27
    LL 54-66
    lower gill rakers 13-16
    D2 & A ~completely scaled
    body scales rough
  • D VII-VIII + I, 21-23
    inside operculum & pectoral base dark
    in mouth orange, dark crescent behind lower teeth
    pectoral 15-16, < pelvic
    all scales rough
    D2 & A thin basal scale sheath
  • head pointed
    mouth v oblique, opens above mid-eye level
    gill rakers short
    pectoral < pelvic
    all scales smooth
    D2 & A not scaled
  • head large, deep
    ridge along snout
    bulging lower jaw
    D IX-X + I, 18-21
    C: blunt point
    inside mouth orange
    A II, 9
    all scales smooth
    D2 & A fully scaled
  • back: thin, oblique stripes
    D X + I, 25-29
    scales almost all rough
    D2 & A no scales
  • D VII-VIII + 1, 21-23
    C: blunt point
    mouth ends after eye, orange inside
    lower gill rakers: 9-10
    D2 & A ~all scaled
    all scales rough
  • head conical, top profile slightly concave
    D X + I, 19-21
    C: S shape, yellow
    inside operculum & pectoral base: black
    in mouth orange, dark crescent behind lower teeth
    pectoral < pelvic
    all scales rough
    D2 & A scaleless
  • mouth reaches past eye
    D IX + I, 19-20
    C: blunt point
    inside mouth orange
    pectoral well short pelvic tip
    scales: body rough, head & operculum smooth
    D2 & A - low scale sheath
    LL 58-68 pores