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  • elongate
    operculum: orange dots, margin black
    in mouth orange
    C forked
    Orthopristis cantharinus, Galapagos sheephead grunt
    preopercle: fine serrations
    pectoral < head
    A: 12-13, 2nd spine = 3rd
  • body deep
    body - oblique orange lines
    LL 55-60
    9 scale rows - LL to D origin
    Orthopristis chalceus, Humpback grunt
    preopercle finely serrated
    pectoral long, curved
    A: 10-11; 2nd spine > 3rd
  • opercular edge dark
    D: 15
    Orthopristis forbesi, Forbe's grunt
    preoperculum smooth, rear border straight
    A: 11; spines long, 2nd = 3rd
  • opercular margin & inside pectoral base black
    D: 12
    Orthopristis lethopristis, Scalyfin grunt
    preopercle smooth, rear edge concave
    A: 9-11; 2nd spine < 3rd
    D2 & A: scales on membranes
  • elongate
    orange lines: oblique on front back
    LL 52-55
    8 scale rows - LL to D origin
    Orthopristis reddingi, Bronze-striped grunt
    preopercle finely serrated
    pectoral < head
    A: 9-10; 2nd spine > 3rd