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The Galeta Marine Laboratory is situated on Galeta Point, about 5 km east of the entrance to the Panama Canal (9° 24’ 09.90” N, 79° 51’ 39.00” W). It is adjacent to Bahia Las Minas, an extensive shallow water embayment with mangrove forests, grassbeds, and coral reefs. The entire area has felt the impact of man for several centuries including Spanish excavation of parts of the reef to build fortifications, the initial French and then the U.S. construction of a canal, and the building of a cement factory and an oil refinery. There are considerable pressures for development of this area and the long-term integrity of the coastal ecosystems is unclear. On average, only xx mm of rain falls during the dry season. In addition, relative humidity, solar radiation, wind speed and direction all show marked wet/dry season differences. On the other hand, temperature varies relatively little throughout the year.

The station consists of a fully automated climate station recording oceanographic and meteorological data, including: Solar Radiation, Rain, Ocean Temperature, Tide and Wind Speed.

For a summary of the most recent data collected, plus long-term averages report, please click on the following link:
Monthly summaries galeta

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Please read our data use policy before using any data from this page.

Metadata Download



Sensor manuals in .pdf format are available for download here.

ParametersSensor ModelTypeFileMethod
Temperature & RHCAMPBELL SCI. CS215Electronic cs215.pdfMethods_Electronic_Air_Humidity.pdf
Solar RadiationLICOR LI200X PYRANOMETERElectronicli200x.pdfMethods_Electronic_Solar_Radiation.pdf
Temperature & RHVIASALA HMP45C (DISCONTINUEDElectronic hmp45c.pdf Methods_Electronic_Air_Humidity.pdf
Wind Speed & DirectionYOUNG WIND MONITOR AQElectronicYoung 05103 Wind Monitor.pdfMethods_Electronic_Wind_Speed_Dir.pdf
Water TemperatureCAMPBELL SCI. MODEL 107 TEMP. PROBEElectronicTemperature_Probe_Model_107.pdf

Data Download
Air Temperature
(max, min, average)
15 Min
Ocean Temperature
15 Min
15 Min
Relative Humidity15 Min
Solar Radiation Flux
(max, min, average)
15 Min
Tide (Water Distance to Sensor head)
15 Min
Water Temperature15 Min
Wind Direction
(vect mean, std. deviation)
15 Min
Wind Speed
(max, min, mean horiz speed)
15 Min