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Family: ANOMALOPIDAE, Flashlight fish, Flashlight-Fishes


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large light organ under eye
black

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FAMILY ANOMALOPIDAE

FLASHLIGHT-FISHES

Anomalopids are distinguished by having a light organ beneath the eye that has a rotational shutter mechanism that allows its light emission to be controlled, this organ is composed of a series of tubes that contain luminous bacteria; head moderate, with sensory canals on top separated by broad ridges and covered by skin; snout short and blunt; eye large, wider than snout length; mouth oblique, moderate size; teeth small and conical; dorsal fin with II-VI spines, 14-19 rays, continuous or with a deep notch; anal fin II-III, 10-13; tail fin deeply forked; scales small, strongly spiny; a row of scutes (spiny scales) along the center of the belly; some genera with large scales along lateral line and bases of dorsal and anal fins; black.

This small family from the Indo-Pacific and W Atlantic contains six genera and eight species. A single, endemic, genus and species is known from the Greater Caribbean.

PREPARED BY D ROSS ROBERTSON, AFTER MOORE (2002)