Shorefishes of the Greater Caribbean online information system

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Genus: Neobythites, Brotula, Brotulas, Cusk-eels

All Families:   All Genera:   All Species:

eye ~snout
head scaled
operculum: large spine
preoperculum: 1-2 small spines
base gill arches: 2 tooth patches
pelvic = 2 rays under preoperculum



Head and body compressed, tapering strongly at rear; head large (at least half of length before anal fin); eye large (~ equal to snout length); front nostril halfway between top lip and rear nostril; mouth large (extends behind eye), oblique, opens at front; teeth on front (a V shaped patch) and sides of roof of mouth, two tooth patches on base of gill arches behind tongue; upper rear corner of operculum with a large, straight, round spine; preoperculum with 0-2 (rarely 3) small hidden spines at its lower angle; pectorals 22-34; pelvics close together and inserted under preoperculum, each fin consisting of a pair of rays that are united by a membrane near their bases; tail fin continuous with dorsal and anal but extends well behind them; lateral line incomplete (restricted to front 85% of body and tail); head and body entirely covered with smooth scales.

A circumglobal tropical to subtropical genus with about 50 species; 7 species found in and endemic to our region.