Shorefishes of the Greater Caribbean online information system

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Genus: Zameus, Velvet Dogfishes Sharks, Shark-dogfish


All Families:   All Genera:   All Species:

low flat head
long narrow snout
space between Ds < head
D2 > D1; Ds with small spines
teeth: top = needles, bottom = erect, oblique blades
mouth short, narrow, transverse

ZAMEUS

VELVET DOGFISHES SHARKS

Body cylindrical, fusiform; head low, flat;  eyes on side of head, without nictitating membranes;  spiracles large, just behind eyes; snout relatively long, without barbels; mouth short, nearly transverse; top teeth narrow, needle-like, with a single point, non-overlapping; bottom teeth large, blade-like, overlapping, without cusps, erect; gill slits 5, all before pectoral fin; 2 dorsal fins, each with a very small,  grooved spine; 1st dorsal smaller than 2nd dorsal; origin of 1st dorsal behind pectoral fins; space between dorsal fins less than head length;  no anal fin; pelvic fins larger than 2nd dorsal; tail fin strongly asymmetrical, upper lobe with deep notch under tip, lower lobe strong; no keels or pits before base of tail fin; skin denticles close-set, not enlarged; body and fins uniform dark brown to black.

A cosmopolitan genus with two species; one in the GC