Shorefishes of the Greater Caribbean online information system

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Family: PIMELODIDAE, Longwhiskered Catfishes


All Families:   All Genera:   All Species:

front & rear nostrils wide apart
D1 II spines, 1st v short, 2nd strong
D2 flap present
barbells: top jaw - 1 pr, chin 2 pr
LL complete, straight, not forked
A short base

FAMILY PIMELODIDAE

LONGWHISKERED CATFISHES

Body elongate, rounded, snout and head rounded to depressed; head with a bony shield that may be visible under thin skin; front and rear nostrils separated by a space > nostril diameter; rear nostril without a flap along its front edge; mouth at front or under snout; 3 pairs of barbells, 1 on top jaw, 2 on lower; dorsal fin with short base, 1st spine short, 2nd spine long and pungent;  skin flap 2nd dorsal fin present; anal fin with short base; pectoral fin very low on side, with large, lockable spine; lateral line complete, not forked at end; no scales.

Primarily freshwater; central and S America; about 29 genera  and ~110 species;  4 species in 3 genera  in freshwater but entering brackish water in the southern part of the Greater Caribbean.

PREPARED BY D ROSS ROBERTSON, AFTER FERRARIS (2002)