Shorefishes of the Greater Caribbean online information system

EspaƱol  Contact

Genus: Hemichromis, Jewelfish Cichlid, Jewelfishes

All Families:   All Genera:   All Species:

much red coloring
3 black blotches: opercle, mid-body, tail base
LL scales 25-30
throat mill: lower bone triangular, center teeth molars, rear edge 16-34 teeth



Body elongate, oblong to ovoid, compressed; 1 pair of nostrils; no bony shelf under eye; top jaw protractile; each jaw with 1 (2 in one species) complete row of teeth with a single point; top jaw with incomplete inner row of teeth; lower gill rakers 6-9; throat mill: lower bone triangular, 16-34 teeth along its rear edge, central teeth enlarged molars; dorsal fin XIII-XV, 9-13 ; anal fin III (rarely IV), 7-11; end of tail fin rounded; pelvics under pectoral fin base; scales smooth, 25-30 on lateral line that is in 2 straight sections; color pattern includes large areas of red on head and body, a conspicuous black blotch on top rear corner of opercle, usually another on mid-flank, sometimes a smaller one at end of tail base.

A genus of African freshwater fishes with 10 species; one introduced to Florida.