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Family: CONGRIDAE, Garden-Eels, Conger Eels


All Families:   All Genera:   All Species:

rear nostril at eye level
D, A & C continuous
lip flanges both jaws
with pectorals
LL all body

FAMILY CONGRIDAE

CONGER EELS, GARDEN-EELS

Congers are medium sized to large eels (up to 2 m); elongate to very elongate, rounded at front, compressed behind; anus on front half of animal; large eyes; front nostril tubular, rear nostril usually on side of head in front of eye; well developed upper and lower lip flanges; small, lateral gill opening; pectoral fin present; origin of the dorsal fin over or slightly behind pectoral; tail fin continuous with the dorsal and anal fins; a complete lateral line; no scales.

The family is divisible into three subfamilies with approximately 29 genera and about 119 species worldwide in tropical to temperate areas, and 17 shallow living members of 8 genera in our region: Congrinae (tail usually > 60% of TL, dorsal and anal rays segmented, well developed pectoral fins); Heterocongrinae, commonly known as garden eels (very elongate, pectoral fins tiny or absent) and Bathymyrinae (tail usually < 60% of TL, dorsal and anal rays unsegmented, pectorals well developed).

PREPARED BY D ROSS ROBERTSON & RODOLFO CLARO, AFTER SMITH (2002)