Shorefishes of the Greater Caribbean online information system

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Family: GRAMMICOLEPIDIDAE, Diamond Dories, Tinselfishes


All Families:   All Genera:   All Species:

diamond shape, v compressed
head bones thin, soft
D, A & pectoral rays unbranched
D & A bases: row small spines
mouth minute, top jaw not protrusible
scales vertically elongated

FAMILY GRAMMICOLEPIDAE

TINSELFISHES, DIAMOND DORIES

Reach up to 65 cm; body oblong or diamond-shaped; body depth much greater than head length; head and body greatly compressed; head bones soft and thin; eyes large; mouth minute, top jaw not protrusible, ridged, its length ½ of eye diameter; jaws with a few minute conical teeth, none on roof of mouth; dorsal, anal and pectoral fin soft rays unbranched; dorsal fin V-VII + 27-34; anal fin II + 27-35; pectoral fin 14-15, much shorter than head; pelvics I, 6; tail fin 13 branched rays; scales are vertically elongated, over most of head and body; a row of small spines along each side of dorsal and anal fin bases.

A family of deep water fishes in the Atlantic and Pacific; 3 genera with 4 species; 2 species in the W Atlantic, one entering shallow water in our area.

PREPARED BY D ROSS ROBERTSON, AFTER HEEMSTRA (2002)