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Genus: Citharichthys, Sandabs


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mouth ends under eye
1 row fixed teeth each jaw, no canines
gill rakers usually slender, long
scales rough
LL straight

CITHARICHTHYS

SANDABS

Body an elongate oval; eyes on left side; mouth medium length (upper jaw 31-44% of head length), ends under lower eye; blind side jaws not arched; teeth ~ equally developed on both sides of jaws, in 1 series of immovable teeth on each jaw, no canines but front teeth a little enlarged; gill rakers slender, moderately long; pectoral fins short bases, on both sides of body, with branched rays; pelvics symmetrically positioned on belly, base of eye-side fin on body midline,  urinary papilla on blind side, immediately behind anus; lateral line well developed on both sides, eye-side line ~ straight, from edge of opercle to tail base, no branch under lower eye; scales rough.

A temperate to tropical genus with 23 species, found on both sides of the Atlantic as well as the eastern Pacific; there are 9 species in shallow water in the Greater Caribbean, 4 endemics, 1 NW Atlantic and 4 W Atlantic.