Shorefishes of the Greater Caribbean online information system

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Genus: Umbrina, Croaker, Drums

All Families:   All Genera:   All Species:

head cónical
mouth: horizontal, under snout
chin: 1 thick, rigid, pored barbel
preopercle serrated
A II (2nd large), 5-8



Body oblong, somewhat compressed; back high; head low, broad, conical; mouth ~ horizontal, under projecting snout; chin with 1 short, thick rigid barbel with a pore at its tip, and 2 pairs of pores beside its base; snout with 5-7 front pores, 5 on side; teeth in bands on each jaw, outer row on top jaw larger; preopercle finely serrated; top corner of gill opening notched; dorsal fin with a deep notch, X + I, 25-33, spines slender, second dorsal long base; anal small, II, 5-8 rays, 2nd spine large, long; scales rough on head and body, smooth on fins; bases of soft dorsal and anal fins with scaly sheath; the lateral line extends to the center of the end of the tail fin.

A tropical to warm temperate genus with 18 species, found on both sides of the Atlantic, the Mediterranean and the western Indian Ocean as well as the eastern Pacific; 3 species in the Greater Caribbean, 2 endemic and 1 W Atlantic.