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Genus: Scorpaena, Scorpionfishes


All Families:   All Genera:   All Species:

normally pit behind eyes
D: XII, 7-10
roof of mouth with teeth
ridge under eye 1-4 spines
preoperculum - 1st spine largest
pectoral: upper rays branched
scales large, smooth

SCORPAENA

SCORPIONFISHES

Head very bony, with numerous spines; a spiny, longitudinal ridge under eye; a pit usually present on top of head behind eyes; ridge under eye with 1-4 spines; top preopercular spine the longest; roof of mouth with teeth on sides; no slit behind last gill arch; dorsal fin XII, 7-10; anal fin III, 5; pectoral fin 16-21, some upper rays branched in adult; scales relatively large, smooth on body; lateral line complete; with tubes on scales.

A tropical to warm temperate worldwide genus with about 59 species, occurs in the Atlantic and Indo-west Pacific as well as the eastern Pacific; represented by 12 species in the Greater Caribbean, 5 endemics and 7 from the W Atlantic.