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Species: Lucifuga gibarensis, Gibara Cave Brotula

All Families:   All Genera:   All Species:

forehead concave, snout depressed
eye medium size
D 72-90; A 58-72
LL 13-15 + 30-33
17-19 gill rakers
side roof mouth - no teeth
C not joined to D&A

Lucifuga gibarensis Hernández, Møller, Casane & García-Machado, 2020

Gibara Cave Brotula

Body elongate, tapering to a narrow tail base; head deep at rear, snout depressed, forehead profile concave; top of head cavernous; eye medium (1.1-1.9% of SL); top jawbone vertically expanded at rear, a small downpointing knob near lower rear corner; top jaw with 5-7 rows of granular teeth, lower jaw with 3-6 rows; center of roof of mouth with horse-shoe shaped arrangement of 2-3 rows of teeth; sides of roof of mouth toothless; no central tooth patch at bottom of gill arches; 17-19 gill rakers, 3 of them long, the others as toothed pads: dorsal rays 72-90; anal rays 58-72; pectoral base broader than long, pectoral 15-17; anal fin origin behind midpoint of body; tail fin 10 rays, fin unconnected to dorsal and anal fins; lateral line in 2 overlapping parts, front part on upper body, lower part along midside, 13-15 + 30-33; body covered with regularly overlapping scales; head with scales; rear of top of head with scales in center and sides..

Uniform brown to light brown; can be very pale.

Reaches 9 cm.

Habitat: brackish caves.

Depth range: 12-22 m.

Northeast Cuba.

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  • Brackish
  • Non Marine
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
  • Bottom + water column
  • Near Bottom
  • Water column
  • Estuary
FishBase Habitat
  • Demersal
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • No Data
  • No Data
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
Egg Type
  • Live birth
  • No data
  • No pelagic larva
  • No pelagic phase
Global Endemism
  • All species
  • Greater Caribbean endemic
  • West Atlantic Endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Antilles endemic
  • GC endemic
  • Island (s)
  • Island (s) only
  • All species
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Tropical (10-23N, Nicaragua / Cuba)
IUCN Red List
  • Not evaluated / Listed
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 9
Depth Range Min
  • 12
Depth Range Max
  • 22