Shorefishes of the Greater Caribbean online information system

Español  Contact

Species: Menticirrhus cuiaranensis, Brazilian Kingfish

All Families:   All Genera:   All Species:

plain silver
C uniform color
pectoral fin short
throat - molar teeth
A 7
breast scales much smaller than others

Menticirrhus cuiaranensis Marceniuk et al, 2020

Brazilian Kingfish

Body elongate, rounded in cross-section, belly flat; head long, low; snout ~ conical, projecting beyond horizontal mouth, with slits and pores above mouth; teeth small & simple, with molar-like teeth on a plate in throat; outer row teeth of upper jaw distinctly enlarged; a short thick barbel on chin with a pore at its point and 2 pairs more at its base; gill rakers short and knob-like10 (7-11); top corner of gill opening notched; preopercle smooth to weakly serrated; dorsal rays X-XI + I, 23 (22-24), longest spine seldom reaches past origin of 2nd dorsal; anal fin with short base, I weak spine, 7 (6-8) rays; pectoral rays 18 (16-19), fin not reaching beyond tips of depressed pelvic fins; tail margin S-shaped; scales small, rough, much smaller on breast than on rest of body; soft dorsal with 1 row of scales along its base; scales above the lateral line 11 (10-12); lateral line with 50-55 scales, extends to the center of the end of the tail fin.

Silvery white, without bars; fins pale; inside gill chamber dusky; top tip of tail NOT black.

Size: grows to 26 cm.

Inhabits sand-mud and sand bottoms of coastal waters, common in surf zone; enters estuaries.

Depth: 1-10 m.

Honduras to southern Brazil

High Resolution Map Download

Species Data Create Report Export as Word File Export as Excel File
  • Brackish
  • Marine
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
  • Bottom only
  • Sand & gravel
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
  • Soft bottom only
  • Estuary
  • Mud
FishBase Habitat
  • Demersal
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • No Data
  • No Data
  • Bony fishes
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
  • Mobile benthic worms
Egg Type
  • No data
  • Pelagic
  • Pelagic larva
Global Endemism
  • All species
  • Greater Caribbean non-endemic
  • West Atlantic Endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Also in Brazil
  • Continent
  • Continent only
  • Extends South of GC
  • GC non-endemic
  • All species
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Equatorial (0-10N, Costa Rica / Venezuela)
IUCN Red List
  • Not evaluated / Listed
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 26
Depth Range Min
  • 1
Depth Range Max
  • 10