Shorefishes of the Greater Caribbean online information system

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Species: Nettenchelys pygmaea, Pygmy Pikeconger, Pygmy Pikeconger Eel

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rear nostril slightly behind eye
vomer: row large teeth at front

Nettenchelys pygmaea Smith & Bohlke, 1981

Pygmy Pikeconger, Pygmy Pikeconger Eel

Elongate, cylindrical at front, compressed at rear; a long slender, pointed tail ~2/3 TL; moderate sized eye; front nostril tubular, near front of snout, directed forward and to side; rear nostril on top of head, slightly behind eye, an ill-defined hole without a raised rim; a long narrow snout 34-37% of head, with a fleshy, slightly projecting tip; jaws long and pointed, with top jaw overhanging; 8-10 pores in row above top jaw;teeth small, conical, in bands, roof of mouth with central elongate patch of teeth (central teeth larger), plus in a single row of large teeth before that; pectoral fins absent; gill opening a crescent, low on side; dorsal fin origin slightly behind gill opening; dorsal and anal fins confluent with tail fin; lateral line complete, on head and body.

Preserved fish brown, darker above, sometimes abruptly so.

Reaches 20.1 cm

Soft bottoms

Depth range 128-280 m.

Bermuda to the southern Caribbean.

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  • Marine
  • Marine Only
  • In & Offshore
  • Inshore
  • Offshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
  • Bottom only
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
  • Soft bottom only
FishBase Habitat
  • Demersal
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • Data
  • Data
  • Bony fishes
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
Egg Type
  • Data
  • Pelagic
  • Pelagic larva
Global Endemism
  • All species
  • Greater Caribbean endemic
  • West Atlantic Endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Continent
  • Continent + Island (s)
  • GC endemic
  • Island (s)
  • All species
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Equatorial (0-10N, Costa Rica / Venezuela)
  • Subtropical (23-35N, Florida / Carolinas / Bermuda)
  • Tropical (10-23N, Nicaragua / Cuba)
IUCN Red List
  • Least concern
  • Listed
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 20.1
Depth Range Min
  • 128
Depth Range Max
  • 280