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Species: Hoplunnis similis, Similar pikeconger

All Families:   All Genera:   All Species:

rear nostril = slit before center eye
mottled with dark blotches
vomer teeth: central row~7 large teeth + 1 row few small side teeth
between top jaws: semicircle 6-7 large teeth
stomach & intestine black
pectorals present
LL 37-41

Hoplunnis similis Smith, 1989

Similar pikeconger

Elongate, cylindrical at front, compressed at rear; head and body 23-24% of TL: long slender tail; large eye; front nostril tubular, at front of snout, rear nostril a slit in front of center of eye; long narrow snout without a soft tip;  jaws long and pointed, with top jaw overhanging; jaw teeth of varying sizes, exposed when mouth is closed; 3 rows of teeth along sides of both top and bottom jaws inner row enlarged on lower jaw, tip of lower jaws with a large tooth, outer row on that jaw very small; a semicircle of 6-7 large, outward directed teeth at front between top jaws; roof of mouth  with central tooth patch composed of central row of ~7 large teeth and a few, widely spaced, small lateral teeth in 1 row; NO lateral tooth patches between the central patch and top jaws; pectoral fins present; dorsal fin origin well before gill opening; dorsal and anal fins confluent with tail fin; lateral line complete on head and body, 37-41 pores before anus.

Preserved fish: grey, entire body darkly mottled with brown blotches; stomach black, intestine black; vertical fins edged in black at rear.

Reaches 49.3 cm.

Lives on soft bottoms.

Depth range: 183-468 m.

Bahamas to SW Caribbean.


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Salinity
  • Marine Only
  • Marine
Inshore/Offshore
  • Offshore
  • Inshore
  • In & Offshore
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
  • Bottom only
Habitat
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
  • Soft bottom only
FishBase Habitat
  • Bathydemersal
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • No Data
Diet
  • Bony fishes
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
  • No Data
Egg Type
  • Pelagic
  • Pelagic larva
  • No data
Global Endemism
  • Greater Caribbean endemic
  • West Atlantic Endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Continent + Island (s)
  • Island (s)
  • GC endemic
  • Caribbean endemic
Residency
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Subtropical (23-35N, Florida / Carolinas / Bermuda)
  • Tropical (10-23N, Nicaragua / Cuba)
  • Equatorial (0-10N, Costa Rica / Venezuela)
IUCN Red List
  • Near threatened
CITES
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 49.3
Depth Range Min
  • 183
Depth Range Max
  • 468