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Species: Scorpaenodes barrybrowni, Stellate scorpionfish

All Families:   All Genera:   All Species:

body slender
ridge under eye: 1 row spines, 4-5
orange-red; body - 3 bars, 2nd onto soft D
pectoral red + yellow stars
D 8
pectoral 16-17
LL incomplete, 8-10

Scorpaenodes barrybrowni Pitassy & Baldwin, 2016

Stellate scorpionfish

Body relatively elongate, depth at dorsal fin origin 30-32% SL, at tail base 9-10% SL; head very bony, with numerous spines; no pit on top of head behind eyes; a row of  4 (rarely 5) spines on bony ridge under eye, with 2 large pores just under spines 2&3, no secondary spines on that ridge; teeth on center of roof of mouth but not on sides; a small slit behind last gill arch; gill rakers slender, 14-18; dorsal fin XIII, 8 (last ray split to base); anal III, 5 (last ray split to base); pectoral 16-17, rays 11-12 (from top) noticeably longer than the othersr, some branched, lowest rays unbranched; scales rough, head usually scaly; small spiny rays at top and bottom of base of tail fin; lateral line incomplete, ends at mid-body, with 8-10 pored scales.

Color bright orange-red; eye with a series of dark radiating lines that extend onto the cheek from the lower half of the eye; body with three red-brown bars, under center of spinous dorsal, under front of soft dorsal and across rear of tail base; sometimes secondary bars between those, the 2nd bar the best defined, extends onto the soft dorsal base as a dark red-brown blotch; dorsal fin with spinous part and front half of the soft part red, rear of soft part with red spots on rays; tail fin with red base, rest of rays with rows of elongate red spots; anal fin with front half red, rest with red spots on rays; pectoral fin base pinkish, base of fin orange, extending along lower rays, fading to yellow star-shaped spots on outer part of rest of fin.

Reaches 6.4 cm.

Rocky bottoms.

Depth range: 95-235 m.

Dominica. Bonaire and Curacao, Lesser Antilles.


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Salinity
  • Marine
  • Marine Only
Inshore/Offshore
  • Offshore
  • In & Offshore
  • Inshore
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
  • Bottom only
Habitat
  • Reef only
  • Rocks
  • Reef (rock/coral/oyster)
  • Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom)
FishBase Habitat
  • Reef Associated
Feeding Group
  • No Data
  • Carnivore
Diet
  • Bony fishes
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
  • No Data
  • Mobile benthic worms
Egg Type
  • Pelagic
  • Pelagic larva
  • No data
Global Endemism
  • Greater Caribbean endemic
  • West Atlantic Endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Island (s)
  • Island (s) only
  • GC endemic
  • Caribbean endemic
  • Antilles endemic
Residency
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Tropical (10-23N, Nicaragua / Cuba)
  • Equatorial (0-10N, Costa Rica / Venezuela)
IUCN Red List
  • Not evaluated / Listed
CITES
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 6.4
Depth Range Min
  • 95
Depth Range Max
  • 235