Shorefishes of the Greater Caribbean online information system

Español  Contact

Species: Haemulon cf. steindachneri, Latin grunt

All Families:   All Genera:   All Species:

silver + oblique brown lines
fins yellowish
black blotch on C base
7-9 scale rows LL to D origin

Haemulon cf steindachneri

Latin grunt

Body oblong, compressed; body depth 34-38% of SL; head blunt, its upper profile slightly convex; rear margin of bone under eye concealed by scales; mouth small to moderate, lips not fleshy; underside of chin with 2 large pores and a central groove; preoperculum finely serrated, without spines; gill rakers 22-25; dorsal fin continuous, with small to moderate notch in middle, rays XII, 15-17; anal rays III, 8-9, 2nd and 3rd spines similar; tail forked; soft dorsal and anal densely scaled nearly to the edge of the fin; scales rough; scales over entire body and head except front of snout, lips and chin; pectoral fin scaled on base only; lateral-line scales 51-52; scale rows below lateral line oblique to body axis.

Adult: silvery to silvery grey; sides with narrow oblique grey-brown lines along scale rows; a large black spot at base of caudal fin; fins yellowish. Juvenile with 3 dark stripes; 1 from above eye to end of dorsal fin base; a short stripe  from top of eye back along upper operculum, a brownish-orange mid-lateral stripe with pearly-white upper and lower border from the snout, through the eye to near the end of the tail base; an elongate oval black spot with a narrow front edge at base of tail fin.

Size: attains 30 cm.

Habitat: forms schools in sandy areas adjacent to reefs.

Depth: 1-50 m.

Western Atlantic; the central W Caribbean to Brazil.

Note:  This is the Atlantic sister species of the east Pacific species  H steindachneri. A study by Rodrigo Moura indicates that the correct name for this species actually is H bonariense (Cuvier, 1830), and that the correct name for that species currently called H bonariense actually is H. canna (Cuvier, 1830). In addition the Caribbean and Brazilian forms show slight genetic differences.However, this name question has not been formally resolved.


High Resolution Map Download

Species Data Create Report Export as Word File Export as Excel File
Salinity
  • Brackish
  • Marine
Inshore/Offshore
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
Habitat
  • Submerged vegetation
  • Rocks
  • Estuary
  • Sand & gravel
  • Mangrove
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
  • Reef (rock/coral/oyster)
  • Reef and soft bottom
  • Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom)
FishBase Habitat
  • Reef Associated
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • Data
Diet
  • Mobile benthic gastropods/bivalves
  • Mobile benthic worms
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
Egg Type
  • Pelagic
  • Pelagic larva
  • No data
Global Endemism
  • Greater Caribbean non-endemic
  • West Atlantic Endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Continent
  • GC non-endemic
  • Extends South of GC
  • Also in Brazil
  • Continent + Island (s)
  • Island (s)
  • Continental primarily
Residency
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Equatorial (0-10N, Costa Rica / Venezuela)
  • Tropical (10-23N, Nicaragua / Cuba)
IUCN Red List
  • Listed
  • Least concern
CITES
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 30
Depth Range Min
  • 1
Depth Range Max
  • 50