Shorefishes of the Greater Caribbean online information system

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Species: Pomacanthus xanthometopon, Blue-face Angelfish, Yellow-mask Angelfish

All Families:   All Genera:   All Species:

body grey+ dark scales
head black + blue mesh, yellow eye mask
pectoral & C yellow
rear D yellow+ black blotch
juv: black + 6 white bars- curved back at tips
juv: C black + blue bars

Pomacanthus xanthometopon (Bleeker, 1853)

Yellow-mask Angelfish, Blue-face Angelfish

Deep, almost circular, compressed body; head deep, snout short; mouth small, with brush-like teeth; preopercle with a large spine at its angle, with vertical margin smooth; bone between preopercle and operculum without spines; bone under eye without large, rear-pointing spines; dorsal fin un-notched, XIII-XIV, 16-17; anal rays III, 16-18; front soft rays of dorsal and anal fin both without filaments; tail fin rounded; body with large and small scales, irregularly arranged, very rough, with distinct ridges on the exposed part, 46-52 lateral scales; scales extend out onto the median fins; without "axillary process" (an enlarged scale) at the base of the pelvic fins; lateral line complete.

Adult: body scales blue, with yellow edges; breast gold; head blue, with gold spots on cheek, eye in a gold blotch; tail fin and rear of dorsal fin yellow; a dark spot at lower rear of dorsal fin. Juvenile: black, with 6 prominent thin white bars that curve at top and bottom; edges of body and fins blue; tail dark, with blue bars.

Size: to 38 cm.

Habitat: coral rich areas in lagoons, channels and outer reefs.

Depth: 5-30 m.

Indo-west Pacific: introduced to southeast Florida.

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  • Marine
  • Marine Only
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
  • Bottom only
  • Reef only
  • Corals
  • Reef (rock/coral/oyster)
  • Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom)
FishBase Habitat
  • Reef Associated
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • Data
  • Data
  • Sponges/seasquirts/bryozoa
Egg Type
  • Data
  • Pelagic
  • Pelagic larva
Global Endemism
  • All species
  • Exotic (Introduced)
  • Greater Caribbean non-endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Continent
  • Continent only
  • Exotic (Introduced)
  • GC non-endemic
  • All species
  • Vagrant
Climate Zone
  • Subtropical (23-35N, Florida / Carolinas / Bermuda)
IUCN Red List
  • Least concern
  • Listed
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 38
Depth Range Min
  • 5
Depth Range Max
  • 30