Shorefishes of the Greater Caribbean online information system

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Species: Pomacanthus maculosus, Yellowbar angelfish

All Families:   All Genera:   All Species:

pale blue-grey + orange oval
nape: black scale edges
juv: black, blue & white bars, yellow flank mark
juv: C clear

Pomacanthus maculosus (Forsskal, 1775)

Yellowbar angelfish

Deep, almost circular, compressed body; head deep, snout short; mouth small, with brush-like teeth; preopercle with a large spine at its angle, with vertical margin smooth; bone between preopercle and operculum without spines; bone under eye without large, rear-pointing spines; gill rakers 5-6+13-14; dorsal fin un-notched, XII, 21; anal rays III, 21; front soft rays of dorsal and anal fin both with filaments; tail fin rounded; body with large and small scales, irregularly arranged, very rough, with distinct ridges on the exposed part, >70 lateral scales; scales extend out onto the median fins; without "axillary process" (an enlarged scale) at the base of the pelvic fins; lateral line complete.

Adult: violet blue, with a large, narrow, vertical yellow  oval on midbody; scales on forehead and nape dark blue; tail fin yellowish-white with blue marks. Juvenile: dark blue, with thin pale blue and white bars; center of body with yellow mark on upper side; tail fin transparent.

Size: to 50 cm.

Habitat: inshore silty bays and coral rich reefs.

Depth: 4-50 m.

Red Sea and E Africa: introduced to southeast Florida.


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Salinity
  • Marine
  • Marine Only
Inshore/Offshore
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
  • Bottom only
Habitat
  • Reef (rock/coral/oyster)
  • Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom)
  • Reef only
FishBase Habitat
  • Reef Associated
Feeding Group
  • Omnivore
  • Data
Diet
  • Data
  • Benthic microalgae
  • Sponges/seasquirts/bryozoa
Egg Type
  • Pelagic
  • Pelagic larva
  • No data
Global Endemism
  • Exotic (Introduced)
  • Greater Caribbean non-endemic
Regional Endemism
  • GC non-endemic
  • Continent
  • Continent only
  • Exotic (Introduced)
Residency
  • Vagrant
Climate Zone
  • Subtropical (23-35N, Florida / Carolinas / Bermuda)
IUCN Red List
  • Least concern
  • Listed
CITES
  • Listed
Length Max
  • 50
Depth Range Min
  • 4
Depth Range Max
  • 50