Shorefishes of the Greater Caribbean online information system

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Species: Pomacanthus asfur, Arabian Angelfish, Crescent Angelfish

All Families:   All Genera:   All Species:

blue-black + broad yellow V bar
C yellow
juv: black + vertical bluish bars, indistinct orange bar
juv: C orange

Pomacanthus asfur (Forsskal, 1775)

Arabian Angelfish, Crescent Angelfish

Deep, almost circular, compressed body; head deep, snout short; mouth small, with brush-like teeth; preopercle with a large spine at its angle, with vertical margin smooth; bone between preopercle and operculum without spines; bone under eye without large, rear-pointing spines; dorsal fin un-notched, XII, 19-21; anal rays III, 18-19; front soft rays of dorsal and anal fin both with filaments; tail fin rounded; body with large and small scales, irregularly arranged, very rough, with distinct ridges on the exposed part, >70 lateral scales; scales extend out onto the median fins; without "axillary process" (an enlarged scale) at the base of the pelvic fins; lateral line complete.

Adult: blackish brown, with a yellow half-moon on front of body; scales on front of body dark blue; head black; tail fin yellow. Juvenile: dark blue, with thin pale blue and white bars; center of body with yellow mark on upper side; tail fin yellow.

Size: to 40 cm.

Habitat: inshore reefs, with much coral mixed with silt bottoms, in low visibility water

Depth: 3-30 m.

Red Sea and E Africa: introduced to southeast Florida.

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  • Hypersaline
  • Marine Only
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
  • Bottom only
  • Reef only
  • Rocks
  • Reef (rock/coral/oyster)
  • Reef and soft bottom
FishBase Habitat
  • Reef Associated
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • Data
  • Data
  • Sponges/seasquirts/bryozoa
Egg Type
  • Data
  • Pelagic
  • Pelagic larva
Global Endemism
  • All species
  • Exotic (Introduced)
  • Greater Caribbean non-endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Continent
  • Continent only
  • Exotic (Introduced)
  • GC non-endemic
  • All species
  • Vagrant
Climate Zone
  • Subtropical (23-35N, Florida / Carolinas / Bermuda)
IUCN Red List
  • Least concern
  • Listed
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 40
Depth Range Min
  • 3
Depth Range Max
  • 30