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Species: Neobythites unicolor, Spotted brotula

All Families:   All Genera:   All Species:

upper head & body: many black spots
D 96-101, row spots + edge white
preoperculum 1 spine
pectoral 26-30
A 80-86

Neobythites unicolor Nielsen & Retzler, 1994

Spotted brotula

Head and body compressed, tapering strongly at rear; head large (at least half of length before anal fin); snout blunt; eye large (~equal to snout length);  mouth large (extends behind eye), slightly oblique, at front; teeth small, simple on front (a V shaped patch) and sides of roof of mouth, two tooth patches on base of gill arches behind tongue, front patch long & narrow, rear patch small & circular;  long gill rakers 3+1+8-10; upper rear of operculum with one strong, straight, round spine; preoperculum with 1 sharp spine at its lower angle; dorsal fin origin slightly behind pectoral base, 96-101 rays; anal fin 80-86 rays; pectorals 27 (26-30); pelvics close together and inserted under preoperculum, each fin consisting of a pair of rays that are united by a membrane near their bases, fins 19-23% SL, reach almost to anal fin; tail fin joined to dorsal and anal fins but extends well behind them; lateral line incomplete (restricted to front 85% of body and tail); head and body entirely covered with smooth scales, 7 scale rows between lateral line and dorsal fin.

Mid-gray above, whitish under head and belly; upper ½ of head and upper ¾ of body with many small, roundish black spots, smaller and denser on head, larger and more dispersed on body; dorsal fin gray, a row of blackish blotches along center, edge white; anal fin grey, edge white; tail fin gray.

Reaches 13.7 cm.

Lives on and adjacent to soft bottoms.

Depth range: 183-937 m

The Gulf of Mexico to the southern Caribbean.


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Salinity
  • Marine
  • Marine Only
Inshore/Offshore
  • Inshore
  • In & Offshore
  • Offshore
Water Column Position
  • Bottom only
  • Bottom
Habitat
  • Sand & gravel
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
  • Soft bottom only
FishBase Habitat
  • Demersal
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • Data
Diet
  • Bony fishes
  • Data
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
  • Mobile benthic gastropods/bivalves
Egg Type
  • Pelagic larva
  • Data
  • Pelagic
Global Endemism
  • Greater Caribbean endemic
  • West Atlantic Endemic
  • All species
Regional Endemism
  • All species
  • GC endemic
  • Continent
  • Continent only
Residency
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Subtropical (23-35N, Florida / Carolinas / Bermuda)
  • Tropical (10-23N, Nicaragua / Cuba)
  • Equatorial (0-10N, Costa Rica / Venezuela)
IUCN Red List
  • Listed
  • Least concern
CITES
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 13.7
Depth Range Min
  • 183
Depth Range Max
  • 937