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Species: Lipogramma levinsoni, Hourglass Basslet

All Families:   All Genera:   All Species:

white; bars black, broad
body bars - hourglass shape
D&A + oval black semi-ocellus
D&A orange margin, no spots

Lipogramma levinsoni Baldwin, Nonaka & Robertson, 2016

Hourglass Basslet

Elongate, compressed body; eye large; snout short; mouth opens at front; teeth on jaws, and front and sides of roof of mouth; preopercle edge smooth; opercle with a flat projection; gill rakers long 19 (17-20); dorsal fin XI, 9; anal fin III, 8; pectorals rounded, 17 (16-18); pelvics I, 5, with 1st ray elongated, reaching past anal fin base; tail fin slightly forked, with rounded tips; short rays on upper and lower base of tail fin thick and spiny, 4-5 on top of tail; no lateral line; ~23 lateral scales.

Head and body white, grey on nape; 3 broad black bars - 1st bar across between eyes and down covering entire eye to lower head profile; 2nd bar from dorsal origin to bottom of belly, broadening to encompass pectoral base, its center narrower and sometimes much paler; 3rd bar under the rear end of the dorsal fin, same form and color as 2nd bar; dorsal fin grey, with a large intense black blotch on the base of the fin above the 2nd bar and an oval, partial, black ocellus bordered at rear with blue-white at the lower rear corner of the fin, fin grey, with orange margin, without inner rows of pale spots; tail fin with orange base, blue grey rear half; anal fin bluey grey, with orange margin, no inner pale spots, with an elongate, intense low black blotch bordered below by blue-white, on rear half of its base below the 3rd dark body bar, pelvic fins white; pectorals clear.

Reaches 3.7 cm.

Lives on deep reefs.

Depth range: 91-186m.

The Bahamas to the southern Caribbean.

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  • Marine
  • Marine Only
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
  • Bottom only
  • Reef only
  • Reef (rock/coral/oyster)
  • Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom)
FishBase Habitat
  • Reef Associated
Feeding Group
  • Data
  • Planktivore
  • Data
  • Zooplankton
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
Egg Type
  • Benthic
  • Data
  • Pelagic larva
Global Endemism
  • All species
  • Greater Caribbean endemic
  • West Atlantic Endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Continent
  • Continent + Island (s)
  • Continental primarily
  • GC endemic
  • Island (s)
  • All species
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Equatorial (0-10N, Costa Rica / Venezuela)
  • Subtropical (23-35N, Florida / Carolinas / Bermuda)
  • Tropical (10-23N, Nicaragua / Cuba)
IUCN Red List
  • Least concern
  • Listed
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 3.7
Depth Range Min
  • 91
Depth Range Max
  • 186