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Species: Dactylobatus armatus, Armed finger-skate

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disc circular
snout very blunt
side corner of disc with arm
under front edge of disc: band of claws
top disc + blotches

Dactylobatus armatus Bean & Weed, 1909

Armed finger-skate

Disc ~circular; snout short (length before eyes 11-12% TL), very blunt, with a small point; front edge of disc convex; pectorals with tips broadly rounded, rear edges convex, middle rays extend outwards as spatula-like projections; pectoral supports extend to level of tip of snout, but separated by a clear space from rostrum; pelvic fins with front and rear lobes continuous, without a notch separating them, its edge evenly concave; tail 52% of TL, with narrow base, a skin flap along almost all of on each side, 2 dorsal fins & a rudimentary tail fin with an upper lobe only; upper surface of body and tail with sparse denticles and thorns around eyes, on nape and shoulders, and  a single central row with an irregular row on each side along center of disc and tail; underside of disc smooth except pectoral fins with 2 rows of claw-like denticles along outer front edge from tip of snout to corner of fin.

Upper surface grey-brown, with irregular darker blotches; lower surface yellowish-white

Reaches 32 cm

Lives on soft bottoms.

Depth range 300-900 m.

South Carolina to the southern Caribbean.


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Salinity
  • Marine
Inshore/Offshore
  • Offshore
  • Offshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
  • Bottom only
Habitat
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
  • Soft bottom only
FishBase Habitat
  • Bathydemersal
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • No Data
Diet
  • Mobile benthic worms
  • No Data
  • Bony fishes
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
Egg Type
  • Benthic
  • No pelagic larva
  • No pelagic phase
  • No data
Global Endemism
  • Greater Caribbean endemic
  • All species
  • West Atlantic Endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Continent only
  • GC endemic
  • All species
  • Continent
Residency
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Tropical (10-23N, Nicaragua / Cuba)
  • Equatorial (0-10N, Costa Rica / Venezuela)
  • Subtropical (23-35N, Florida / Carolinas / Bermuda)
IUCN Red List
  • Data deficient
  • Listed
CITES
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 32
Depth Range Min
  • 300
Depth Range Max
  • 900