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Species: Cruriraja cadenati, Broadfoot Skate

All Families:   All Genera:   All Species:

snout triangular, no filament
nape + thorns
disc top covered with denticles
shoulders & rear disc + thorns
top disc spotted
tail thick, 2 Ds, no denticles underneath
space between Ds < 1/2 D1 base
front edges Ds & C not black
pelvics: front lobe = leg
under disc white

Cruriraja cadenati Bigelow & Schroeder, 1962

Broadfoot Skate

Disc quadrangular, 1.35X wider than long; snout with a simple, sharp point, with a support cartilage; disc front edge slightly sinuous to abruptly rounded tips of pectoral fins, convex at rear; pelvic fins large, deeply indented separation of leg-like front and rear lobes; tail broad at front, tapering to first dorsal fin, moderately long, 58% of TL; lateral tail folds low at front, widening behind, from rear tips of pelvics to end of tail; two dorsal fins, medium–sized, similar in size and shape with rounded tips, those very close, separated by a space 0.15X base of 1st dorsal; upper surface of disc & tail, as well as pelvics and dorsal fins densely covered with fine denticles, upper surface with thorns (adult): on ~10 in an irregular row along rostrum, 11 around inner edge of eye; nape with 5 thorns, shoulders with 1 pair of thorns; thorns along mid-back on rear half of disc; in a single row of ~27 (with 2-3 rows on each side at rear of disc), merging behind pelvics with double row of ~35 to 1st dorsal fin; 2 or more irregular rows along tail; lower body surface without denticles; lower surface of tail of adults without denticles.

Upper surface light brown, with numerous irregular, indistinct brown spots of varying sizes, 0.25-1X eye diameter; lower surface white, with grey edges

Reaches 39 cm

Soft bottoms.

Depth range 457-896

W Florida and Puerto Rico

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  • Marine
  • Marine Only
  • Offshore
  • Offshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
  • Bottom only
  • Sand & gravel
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
  • Soft bottom only
  • Mud
FishBase Habitat
  • Bathydemersal
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • Data
  • Data
  • Bony fishes
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
  • Mobile benthic worms
  • Octopus/squid/cuttlefish
Egg Type
  • Benthic
  • Data
  • No pelagic larva
  • No pelagic phase
Global Endemism
  • All species
  • Greater Caribbean endemic
  • West Atlantic Endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Continent
  • Continent + Island (s)
  • GC endemic
  • Island (s)
  • All species
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Subtropical (23-35N, Florida / Carolinas / Bermuda)
  • Tropical (10-23N, Nicaragua / Cuba)
IUCN Red List
  • Data deficient
  • Listed
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 39
Depth Range Min
  • 457
Depth Range Max
  • 896