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Species: Coryphopterus curasub, Yellow-spotted sand-goby

All Families:   All Genera:   All Species:

body: 4 rows yellow spots
head: yellow stripes & spots
D&A: yellow stripes
C base: dark cross + 2 yellow spots
pectoral base: 2 yellow spots

Coryphopterus curasub  Baldwin & Robertson, 2015

Yellow-spotted sand-goby

Snout profile straight; head pores present, usually 1 between center of eyes, 1 pair between rear nostril; top of head without a prominent crest; papillae on cheek in horizontal rows; mouth small, relatively horizontal; gill membranes broadly joined to body under throat, with 5 rays; dorsal fin VI + I, 10 (9-10); length of 2nd dorsal base > distance from 2nd dorsal base to tail fin; anal fin I, 9; pectoral rays 19-20; pelvic fins I, 5, all soft rays branched, fused to form a disc, without anterior membrane between spines; tail fin rounded; body covered with scales, scales large, rough, absent from head, approximately 26 in lateral series; no lateral line.

Ground color white; body with four rows of yellow/orange blotches: top row (10-11 blotches) along top body profile from head to caudal peduncle;  second row  (4-6 blotches) from operculum to under 1st dorsal fin; third row (10+ blotches, these largest & most strongly colored) from rear edge of eye to caudal peduncle, lowest row (5-7 blotches) from under of origin of second dorsal fin to rear of caudal peduncle;  numerous small spots of yellow/black among blotches in most rows;   first row of body blotches continues along the top of head to just behind the eye, second row continues forward as a yellow stripe through center of the eye to side of snout, third row continues forward as a yellow stripe along lower edge of eye to middle of the top jaw; an additional yellow stripe from preopercle to rear end of lower jaw; a black patch beneath front lower edge of eye; tail fin base with a dusky blotch that includes a thin internal dark cross-shaped bar , bordered behind at top and bottom by yellow blotches, lower of these much stronger; 1st dorsal fin with three yellow stripes, 2nd dorsal with 3-4; anal fin with broad yellow stripe along middle of fin; pectoral fin base with a strong yellow spot at top and bottom.

Reaches: 4.2 cm.

Depth: 70-97 m

Habitat: Coral reefs; sandy patches between rocks.

Known only from Curacao.


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Salinity
  • Marine
Inshore/Offshore
  • Inshore Only
  • Inshore
Water Column Position
  • Bottom only
  • Bottom
Habitat
  • Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom)
  • Sand & gravel
FishBase Habitat
  • Reef Associated
Feeding Group
  • No Data
  • Detritivore
  • Omnivore
Diet
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
  • Benthic microalgae
  • No Data
  • Detritus
Egg Type
  • Benthic
  • No data
  • Pelagic larva
Global Endemism
  • Greater Caribbean endemic
  • West Atlantic Endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Island (s)
  • GC endemic
  • Island (s) only
  • Caribbean endemic
  • Antilles endemic
Residency
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Equatorial (0-10N, Costa Rica / Venezuela)
IUCN Red List
  • Not evaluated / Listed
CITES
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 4.2
Depth Range Min
  • 70
Depth Range Max
  • 97