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Species: Centrophorus squamosus, Leafscale Gulper Shark

All Families:   All Genera:   All Species:

snout short, thick, flattened
D1 v long, low; D2 short, high
denticles = large, stalked leaves
pectoral free rear tips v short
C rear edge ~straight

Centrophorus squamosus (Bonnaterre, 1788)

Leafscale Gulper Shark

Body fusiform; snout short, thick flattened, broadly parabolic, length before mouth ~width of mouth; spiracles present, large, just behind eye; lip furrows short; top teeth straight to slightly oblique, triangular, with narrow points, lower teeth larger, broader, with oblique narrowly triangular tips; throat with numerous transverse creases; 5 gill slits, all before pectoral fin; two dorsal fins with short, robust, grooved spines, spine of second dorsal is slightly larger; 1st dorsal larger than 2nd, long and low, its origin over or just behind free rear tip of pectoral; 2nd dorsal at least as high as 1st, triangular, its base 2/3 base of 1st dorsal, its spine base over or behind inner free margin of pelvics; distance between origins of the 2 dorsal spines ~same as tip of snout to center of pectoral base in adults; free rear tips of pectorals almost square, not strongly extended, not reaching past origin of 1st dorsal spine; no anal fin; no ridges behind pelvic fins; tail base without keels; tail fin strongly asymmetrical, upper lobe with notch under tip, deep lower lobe, rear edge of fin straight to slightly concave in adults; skin denticles on flank of adults overlapping, large, on a stalk, crown flattened, leaflike, with serrated rear edge, those of juveniles like bristles & with 3 points.

Uniform dark grey, grey-brown or red-brown; eyes greenish.

Size: 164 cm.

Habitat: outer continental shelve and slopes near the bottom.

Depth:230-2400 m, shallower in colder waters.

Scattered tropical and temperate locations in all three oceans; near the Bahamas, Venezuela.

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  • Marine
  • Marine Only
  • Offshore
  • Offshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
  • Bottom only
  • Sand & gravel
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
  • Soft bottom only
  • Water column
  • Mud
FishBase Habitat
  • Bathydemersal
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • Data
  • Data
  • Bony fishes
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
  • Octopus/squid/cuttlefish
Egg Type
  • Data
  • Live birth
  • No pelagic larva
Global Endemism
  • All species
  • Circumtropical ( Indian + Pacific + Atlantic Oceans)
  • Greater Caribbean non-endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Continent
  • Continent + Island (s)
  • GC non-endemic
  • Island (s)
  • All species
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Equatorial (0-10N, Costa Rica / Venezuela)
  • Subtropical (23-35N, Florida / Carolinas / Bermuda)
  • Tropical (10-23N, Nicaragua / Cuba)
IUCN Red List
  • Listed
  • Vulnerable
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 164
Depth Range Min
  • 230
Depth Range Max
  • 2400