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Species: Liopropoma santi, Tail-spot basslet

All Families:   All Genera:   All Species:

body yellow over white
top lip orange
flank - white chevrons
C: yellow + lower tip black

Liopropoma santi Baldwin & Robertson, 2014

Tail-spot basslet

Body moderately elongate, relatively slender, body depth at dorsal fin origin 23-26% SL, and compressed; head robust, conical, upper profile slightly convex; snout bluntly pointed in adult; eye relatively large (9.4-12% SL); front nostril tubular, near top lip; mouth moderately large, slightly oblique, lower jaw projecting; rear of top jaw exposed when mouth closed, without accessory bone above it, lower rear corner of top jaw bone with prominent, bluntly pointed, ventral projection; rear edge of preopercle not serrated; operculum with 3 broad flat spines at rear; 20-21 gill rakers, including rudiments; dorsal fin VIII, 13, rear part of spinous dorsal moderately indented, 3rd spine longest; anal fin III, 8.5, rear edge pointed; pectoral 15; tail base deep, strongly compressed; tail slightly forked; scales small, rough, 48 (47-48) with pores on lateral line, 2 more on tail fin base.

Adult with head purplish pink  on snout and over eye, nape yellow, rest white; top lip entirely yellow-orange; iris yellow-orange; upper half of body yellow with a salmon tint to the lower part, lower body white, mid-flank with  a pinkish tint; a series of ~13 back-pointing bright white chevron marks along lower body; dorsal fin yellow, anal and pelvics white; tail fin yellow, particularly at rear of both lobes, with an obvious reddish-black spot on the lower tip; pectorals clear. Juvenile like adult.

Reaches 14.3 cm.

Lives on reefs.

Depth range: 182-275 m.

Known only from Curacao, S Caribbean.


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Salinity
  • Marine Only
  • Marine
Inshore/Offshore
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
  • Bottom only
Habitat
  • Reef (rock/coral/oyster)
  • Reef only
  • Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom)
  • Rocks
  • Corals
FishBase Habitat
  • Reef Associated
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • No Data
Diet
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
  • No Data
  • Bony fishes
Egg Type
  • Pelagic
  • Pelagic larva
Global Endemism
  • Greater Caribbean endemic
  • West Atlantic Endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Island (s) only
  • GC endemic
  • Caribbean endemic
  • Antilles endemic
  • Island (s)
Residency
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Tropical (10-23N, Nicaragua / Cuba)
IUCN Red List
  • Not evaluated / Listed
CITES
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 14.3
Depth Range Min
  • 182
Depth Range Max
  • 275