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Species: Halieutichthys intermedius, Gulf batfish

All Families:   All Genera:   All Species:

back: pale reticulum
pectoral: narrow inner bar + broad outer bar
tail base: many tubercles
over eye: tubercles rare
back: tubercles blunt
3 tubercles behind eye poorly developed

Halieutichthys intermedius Ho et al, 2010

Gulf batfish

Head and body very depressed, greatly expanded to form a circular disc; tail moderately long; mouth very small; cavity on snout for lure very small, blocked by puffy folds of membrane; lure a single central bulb; a cover over pupils; buckler at angle of operculum not larger than adjacent bucklers; gill openings small, behind upper base of pectoral fin; gill rakers in form of tiny pads of teeth set on low stalks; dorsal and anal fins small, at rear of body; base of pectoral fins broadly attached to tail base; pelvic fins not reduced in size; lateral line complete, plus a pair of lateral line organs on base of tail behind anus, no tubercles associated with lateral line; scales are large, irregular, pitted tubercles, many tubercles on tail base; tubercles uniformly blunt; tubercles rarely present above eye;triangle of 3 tubercles on side of each shoulder behind eye  all small and blunt;  adults with no scales under body and large areas of top of body without scales.

Body grey brown to dark brown, with pale network on upper surface; pectorals with a central broad dark and an inner narrow dark bar, both entirely across fin. Juveniles similar to adults but with large black patch on pectoral, that not extending across fin.

Reaches 8.3 cm.

Lives on sand and mud bottoms.

Depth range: 1-366 m, mainly <50 m.

Northern Gulf of Mexico

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  • Marine
  • Marine Only
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
  • Bottom only
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
  • Soft bottom only
  • Mud
  • Sand & gravel
FishBase Habitat
  • Demersal
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • Data
  • Data
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
  • Mobile benthic gastropods/bivalves
  • Mobile benthic worms
Egg Type
  • Data
  • Pelagic
  • Pelagic larva
Global Endemism
  • West Atlantic Endemic
  • All species.
  • Greater Caribbean endemic
Regional Endemism
  • All species..
  • Continent
  • Continent only
  • GC endemic
  • Gulf of Mexico endemic
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Subtropical (23-35N, Florida / Carolinas / Bermuda)
IUCN Red List
  • Least concern
  • Listed
  • Not listed
Depth Range Min
  • 1
Depth Range Max
  • 366
Length Max
  • 8.3