Shorefishes of the Greater Caribbean online information system

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Species: Etrumeus sadina, Round Herring, West Atlantic Round Herring

All Families:   All Genera:   All Species:

slender, cylindrical
pectoral 15-16
pelvics behind D base
gill rakers 51
single belly scute, W shaped, between pelvics
A 10-13

Etrumeus sadina Mitchill, 1814

Round Herring, West Atlantic Round Herring

Body slender, rounded; mouth short, not reaching under eye, opens to front; premaxilla (front bone of top jaws) rectangular; gill rakers 51(49-54); membrane under throat with 11-18 rays; dorsal fin just before midbody; anal fin with short base (10-13 rays), origin well behind dorsal fin; pectoral 15-16 (14-16); pelvic fins i, 7, on the abdomen behind the dorsal fin; a forked tail fin; belly with only one scute (large spiny scale), W shaped, at front of base of pelvics.

Blue on back, silvery on sides and belly.

Size: reaches 30 cm.

Habitat: forms pelagic schools inshore, rare in brackish water.

Depth: 0-200 m.

Southern Canada to French Guiana.

Note: Sometimes placed in the Family Dussumieridae, together with Jenkinsia.

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  • Brackish
  • Marine
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Mid Water
  • Near Surface
  • Surface
  • Water column only
  • Water column
FishBase Habitat
  • Pelagic
Feeding Group
  • Data
  • Planktivore
  • Data
  • Zooplankton
  • Pelagic fish larvae
Egg Type
  • Data
  • Pelagic
  • Pelagic larva
Global Endemism
  • All species
  • Greater Caribbean non-endemic
  • West Atlantic Endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Continent
  • Continent + Island (s)
  • Continental primarily
  • Extends N + S of GC
  • Extends North of GC
  • Extends South of GC
  • GC non-endemic
  • Island (s)
  • All species
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Equatorial (0-10N, Costa Rica / Venezuela)
  • Subtropical (23-35N, Florida / Carolinas / Bermuda)
  • Temperate (>35N)
  • Tropical (10-23N, Nicaragua / Cuba)
IUCN Red List
  • Least concern
  • Listed
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 30
Depth Range Min
  • 0
Depth Range Max
  • 200