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Species: Synodus macrostigmus, Largespot lizardfish

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eye large
snout blunt
C: notch & lower lobe dark
6-8 dark bars
black shoulder patch: large oval
LL 45-48

Synodus macrostigmus Frable et al, 2013

Largespot lizardfish

Body relatively robust; snout long, blunt when viewed from above, longer than eye; eye relatively large  (20.8 (16.7-24.7%) headlength); width between eyes 9.5-15.3% head; flap on front nostril large, leaf-shaped, long, (3.8 (2.7-4.9%) headlength), tapering, extends past rear nostril when depressed; mouth large, extending well past eye; lower jaw rounded at front, without fleshy knob at tip; many rows of fine pointed teeth on jaws, tongue and (in 1 band) on side of roof of mouth; fins without spines; one dorsal fin in mid-body, with a small skin-flap fin behind it above anal fin; dorsal fin 11-12, fairly low, front rays of fin don’t extend beyond back rays when fin is laid down; anal 11, length of anal fin base < than dorsal fin base; pectoral fin 11-12; pelvics on abdomen behind pectoral base, 8 rays, inner rays distinctly longer than outer rays; 45-48 scales on lateral line; scales before dorsal fin  12-13; scales between the lateral line and dorsal fin base 3.5; bases of short rays at top and bottom of tail fin completely scaleless.

Body with 6-8 brown bars, some like wide Xs that reach up to the top of the back; thin orange-yellow lines along upper body; groove above top jaw black from under eye backwards; black blotch on shoulder  at top corner of gill cover oval, large (14.2-19% head); pelvic fins bright yellow; anal fin yellow; tail fin with notch of fork & rear of lower lobe dark grey to brown, upper lobe pale, with thin rear dark edge, 2-3 short brown bars on the short rays at its base.

Size: 25.6 cm.

Habitat: sand & mud bottoms.   

Depth: 29-194 m.

South Carolina to the southern Caribbean.


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Salinity
  • Marine
  • Marine Only
Inshore/Offshore
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
  • Bottom only
Habitat
  • Sand & gravel
  • Soft bottom only
  • Mud
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
FishBase Habitat
  • Demersal
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • No Data
Diet
  • Bony fishes
  • No Data
Egg Type
  • No pelagic phase
  • Pelagic larva
  • No data
Global Endemism
  • Greater Caribbean endemic
Regional Endemism
  • GC endemic
  • Extends North of GC
  • Continental primarily
  • Continent
  • Continent + Island (s)
  • All species
Residency
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Tropical (10-23N, Nicaragua / Cuba)
  • Subtropical (23-35N, Florida / Carolinas / Bermuda)
  • Equatorial (0-10N, Costa Rica / Venezuela)
IUCN Red List
  • Not evaluated / Listed
CITES
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 25.6
Depth Range Min
  • 29
Depth Range Max
  • 194