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Species: Lepophidium robustum, Robust cusk-eel

All Families:   All Genera:   All Species:

uniform color
D & A dusky
D 123-126; A 102-107
gill raker rudiments: 4-5 upper; some lower between developed rakers

Lepophidium robustum Robins et al, 2012

Robust cusk-eel

Elongate, eel-like, tapering at rear to a point at tail, relatively, stout; head low, compressed; snout with well developed, curved spine at front, no fringes under tip; eye large; mouth large, broad, nearly horizontal; teeth on jaws small, simple, in bands, outer ones larger; no tooth patch at lower front of gill arches; gill rakers – upper arm with 4-5 rudiments, lower arm with 7-10 developed rakers plus 8-14 rudiments below, the front rudiments alternating with (usually) the rear developed rakers; dorsal and anal fins low, confluent with tail; dorsal fin 123-126; anal fin 102-107; pectorals on midside, 22-23 (22-24); pelvics each of two small threads inserted under eye; scales round, small, in regular overlapping rows; head extensively covered with overlapping scales extending to between or before eyes, on cheeks and opercle; lateral line complete.

Head & body uniform pale brown; gill arches , gill chamber and throat blackish; dorsal and anal fins dusky, without black edges.

Reaches 24 cm.

On soft bottoms.

Depth range: 101-261  m.

Northern S America.


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Salinity
  • Marine Only
  • Marine
Inshore/Offshore
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Bottom only
  • Bottom
Habitat
  • Mud
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
  • Soft bottom only
FishBase Habitat
  • Demersal
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • No Data
Diet
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
  • Mobile benthic worms
  • No Data
  • Bony fishes
Egg Type
  • Pelagic larva
  • Pelagic
Global Endemism
  • West Atlantic Endemic
  • All species
  • Greater Caribbean endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Continent only
  • All species
  • GC endemic
  • Caribbean endemic
  • Continent
Residency
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Equatorial (0-10N, Costa Rica / Venezuela)
IUCN Red List
  • Not evaluated / Listed
CITES
  • Not listed
Depth Range Min
  • 101
Depth Range Max
  • 261
Length Max
  • 24