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Species: Lepophidium gilmorei, Pepperfin cusk-eel

All Families:   All Genera:   All Species:

back: pale mottling
pectoral: dark edges
D 117-122; A 95-101
D & A dark speckles

Lepophidium gilmorei Robins et al 2012

Pepperfin cusk-eel

Elongate, eel-like, tapering at rear to a point at tail;  head low, compressed; snout with well developed, curved spine at front, no fringes under tip; eye large; mouth large, broad, nearly horizontal; teeth on jaws small, simple, in bands, outer ones larger; no tooth patch at lower front of gill arches; gill rakers – upper arm with 2-3 rudiments, lower arm with 4 (4-5) developed rakers plus 1-3 rudiments below, total 8-9 rakers; dorsal and anal fins low, confluent with tail; dorsal fin 117-122; anal fin 95-101; pectorals on midside, 21-22 (20-23); pelvics each of two small threads inserted under eye; scales round, small, in regular overlapping rows; head extensively covered with overlapping scales extending to between or before eyes, on cheeks and opercle; lateral line complete.

Head & body brown, with mottling of paler spots & blotches on upper side,  pectoral fin with dark top & bottom edges; rear of mouth, gill arches, and gill chamber (except insides of opercle & membranes under throat), and throat black; dorsal and anal fins with outer ½ covered with dark speckles & broad black edges.

Reaches 18 cm.

On soft bottoms.

Depth range: 60-124  m.

S Carolina to the S Caribbean.


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Salinity
  • Marine
  • Marine Only
Inshore/Offshore
  • Inshore Only
  • Inshore
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
  • Bottom only
Habitat
  • Soft bottom only
  • Mud
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
FishBase Habitat
  • Demersal
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • No Data
Diet
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
  • Bony fishes
  • Mobile benthic worms
  • No Data
Egg Type
  • Pelagic
  • Pelagic larva
Global Endemism
  • Greater Caribbean endemic
  • West Atlantic Endemic
  • All species
Regional Endemism
  • Island (s)
  • All species
  • GC endemic
  • Continent
  • Continent + Island (s)
Residency
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Subtropical (23-35N, Florida / Carolinas / Bermuda)
  • Tropical (10-23N, Nicaragua / Cuba)
  • Equatorial (0-10N, Costa Rica / Venezuela)
IUCN Red List
  • Not evaluated / Listed
CITES
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 18
Depth Range Min
  • 60
Depth Range Max
  • 124