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Species: Lepophidium collettei, Brazilian Cusk-eel

All Families:   All Genera:   All Species:

body plain
rear-mouth, gill chamber & oesophagus: dark
D 116-122; A 96-103
gill rakers: 12-17 (2-7 rudiments)

Lepophidium collettei Robins et al, 2012

Brazilian Cusk-eel

Elongate, eel-like, tapering at rear to a point at tail, relatively short, stout; head low, compressed; snout with well developed, curved spine at front, no fringes under tip; eye large; mouth large, broad, nearly horizontal; teeth on jaws small, simple, in bands, outer ones larger; no tooth patch at lower front of gill arches; gill rakers – upper arm with 3 rudiments, lower arm with 7 (6-7) developed rakers plus 3-6 (2-7) rudiments below, total 13-15 (13-17) rakers; dorsal and anal fins low, confluent with tail; dorsal fin 117-120 (116-122); anal fin 98-100 (96-103); pectorals on midside, 22-23 (21-25); pelvics each of two small threads inserted under eye; scales round, small, in regular overlapping rows; head extensively covered with overlapping scales extending to between or before eyes, on cheeks and opercle; lateral line complete.

Head & body dark tan, upper opercle darker; front of mouth pale, rear of mouth, gill chamber & oesophagus dark; edges of dorsal and anal fins black, this color on bases at rear of fins; tail fin with at least basal half dark .

Reaches 17 cm.

On soft bottoms.

Depth range: 7-66 m.

The Gulf of Paria to northern Brazil.

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  • Brackish
  • Marine
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
  • Bottom only
  • Sand & gravel
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
  • Soft bottom only
  • Mud
FishBase Habitat
  • Demersal
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • Data
  • Data
  • Bony fishes
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
  • Mobile benthic gastropods/bivalves
  • Mobile benthic worms
Egg Type
  • Data
  • Pelagic
  • Pelagic larva
Global Endemism
  • All species
  • Greater Caribbean non-endemic
  • West Atlantic Endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Also in Brazil
  • Continent
  • Continent only
  • Extends South of GC
  • GC non-endemic
  • All species
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Equatorial (0-10N, Costa Rica / Venezuela)
IUCN Red List
  • Least concern
  • Listed
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 17
Depth Range Min
  • 7
Depth Range Max
  • 66