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Species: Peristedion ecuadorense, Pyramidnose Armored Searobin

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face rim: wide, rippled edge, ends in wide, blunt triangle
rostral plates short, broad, triangular
Ds & pectoral: outer 1/2 black
barbells: lip - 1 v long + 5; chin 11-13

Peristedion ecuadorense Teague, 1961

Pyramidnose Armored Searobin

Head and body flattened below, body completely covered in a heavy armor of 4 rows of bony spiny scales; head very wide, moderately depressed, snout long and very broad; bony rim around sides of head edge wide, undulating edge, ending in a broad triangle that may be rounded; rostral plates very short, very broad, triangular; no spine at nostril, strong spine at base of snout plates; mouth very small; barbels: lip barbells - 1 long filamentous barbell long + 5 in 3 clusters (2,1,2); 11-13 chin barbels in 4-5 clusters; gill rakers 3-4+23-24; dorsal fin divided into separate spiny and soft parts, VIII + 16-19, both parts low; anal fin without spines, 18-21, fin low; pectoral fin 12 + 2 free rays, fin & free rays very short; pelvic fins wide apart, below base of pectorals, I,5 rays, extremely short; front edge of first spiny plate under belly behind front edge of bony pelvic girdle.

Head and body reddish with blotches of yellow-brown; outer half of both dorsals and of pectoral black.

Reaches 24 cm.

Found on sand/mud bottoms.

Depth range: 325-1080 m.

Virginia to Brazil.

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  • Marine
  • Marine Only
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
  • Bottom only
  • Sand & gravel
  • Soft bottom only
  • Mud
  • Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom)
FishBase Habitat
  • Bathydemersal
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • Data
  • Data
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
  • Mobile benthic worms
Egg Type
  • Data
  • Pelagic
  • Pelagic larva
Global Endemism
  • All species
  • Greater Caribbean non-endemic
  • West Atlantic Endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Also in Brazil
  • Continent
  • Continent + Island (s)
  • Continental primarily
  • Extends N + S of GC
  • Extends North of GC
  • GC non-endemic
  • Island (s)
  • All species
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Equatorial (0-10N, Costa Rica / Venezuela)
  • Subtropical (23-35N, Florida / Carolinas / Bermuda)
  • Temperate (>35N)
  • Tropical (10-23N, Nicaragua / Cuba)
IUCN Red List
  • Least concern
  • Listed
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 24
Depth Range Min
  • 325
Depth Range Max
  • 1080