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Species: Peristedion antillarum, Longnose armored searobin

All Families:   All Genera:   All Species:

face rim: edge straight, ends in wide right angle
rostral plates v long, slender
barbels: lip 1; chin 0 (0-1 filamentous)
pectoral: base & outer edge black
D1 outer black spot
D2 & A: black edge

Peristedion antillarum Teague, 1961

Longnose armored searobin

Head and body flattened below, body completely covered in a heavy armor of 4 rows of bony spiny scales; body low and moderately broad; head short, moderately narrow; snout very long & narrow; bony rim around its side edge  without spines or undulations, ending in a wide flat right angle to head; no spine at nostril, very small or no spine at base of snout plates; rostral plates very long (>snout), slender, slightly diverging;  mouth small; eye small, very narrow between eyes; barbels: 1 lower lip barbel; 0 (0-1) very long (18-22% SL) filamentous chin barbel; opercular spine short; gill rakers 25-29; dorsal fin divided into separate spiny and soft parts, VII-VIII + 16-17, both parts high; anal fin without spines, 15-18, high; pectoral fin 12 + 2 free rays, fin short, free rays very long; pelvic fins wide apart, below base of pectorals, I,5 rays, fins very short; front edge of first spiny plate under belly behind front edge of bony pelvic girdle.

Head and body reddish; spiny dorsal with black blotch on outer ½-1/3 of 1st 4 spines; soft dorsal & anal fins black along outer edge of fin; pectoral fin with black base and black outer edge, outer 2/3 of fin black in small fish.

Reaches 20 cm.

Found on sand/mud bottoms.

Depth range: 330-650m.

S Florida to the S Caribbean.


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Salinity
  • Marine Only
  • Marine
Inshore/Offshore
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Bottom only
  • Bottom
Habitat
  • Mud
  • Sand & gravel
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
FishBase Habitat
  • Bathydemersal
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • No Data
Diet
  • Mobile benthic worms
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
  • No Data
Egg Type
  • Pelagic larva
  • Pelagic
Global Endemism
  • Greater Caribbean endemic
  • All species
Regional Endemism
  • Island (s)
  • GC endemic
  • Continent
  • Continent + Island (s)
Residency
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Equatorial (0-10N, Costa Rica / Venezuela)
  • Tropical (10-23N, Nicaragua / Cuba)
  • Subtropical (23-35N, Florida / Carolinas / Bermuda)
IUCN Red List
  • Not evaluated / Listed
CITES
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 20
Depth Range Min
  • 330
Depth Range Max
  • 650