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Species: Parahollardia lineata, Jambeau spikefish

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convex between eyes
head profile steep
pink + yellow stripes (5-8 thick or ~12 thin)
skin over eyes: 0 patches scales

Parahollardia lineata (Longley, 1935)

Jambeau spikefish

Body relatively deep, slightly compressed; space between eyes distinctly convex; front head profile relatively steep (~45 degrees); mouth small, opens at front; teeth conical, 2 series on each jaw, 2-4 (1-10) teeth inside continuous outer row; top teeth 13 (9-16), bottom teeth 15 (11-18); gill opening a short vertical slit before pectoral base; gill rakers 15 (12-17); dorsal fin origin usually before top edge of pectoral base; VI dorsal spines, the first long and strong, decreasing in size to rear, spines can be locked upright, 16 (15-17) soft rays; pectoral 13 (12-14) rays; anal fin 14 (13-15); fin rays branched; pelvic fin with a large spine and 1 inconspicuous ray; ventral surface of scale-covered part of pelvis triangular in cross section; skin thick, rough, covered with numerous small scales, each with tiny spines; skin over eyes usually without patches of scales.

Head & body pale pink; 5-8 thick yellow to greenish lines along head and body, large adults may have ~12 thin lines instead of fewer thick lines, juveniles may have a thin line between some of the thick lines; iris yellowish white, with a thin gold inner ring; soft dorsal, tail and anal fin rays with fin rays pinkish white, outer 1/3 of rays yellow; lining of stomach cavity very dark; inside gill chamber dark.

Reaches 21 cm.

Lives on soft bottoms.

Depth range: 64-395 m.

Virginia to the Gulf of Mexico.


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Salinity
  • Marine
  • Marine Only
Inshore/Offshore
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Bottom only
  • Bottom
Habitat
  • Mud
  • Soft bottom only
FishBase Habitat
  • Demersal
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • Planktivore
  • Data
Diet
  • Data
  • Bony fishes
  • Zooplankton
Egg Type
  • Data
  • Pelagic
  • Pelagic larva
Global Endemism
  • All species
  • West Atlantic Endemic
  • Greater Caribbean non-endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Extends North of GC
  • GC non-endemic
  • All species
  • Continent
  • Continent only
Residency
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Tropical (10-23N, Nicaragua / Cuba)
  • Subtropical (23-35N, Florida / Carolinas / Bermuda)
  • Temperate (>35N)
IUCN Red List
  • Least concern
  • Listed
CITES
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 21
Depth Range Min
  • 64
Depth Range Max
  • 395