Shorefishes of the Greater Caribbean online information system

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Species: Citharichthys dinoceros, Doublespot Whiff, Spined Whiff

All Families:   All Genera:   All Species:

eyes close-set, spine before
D 90-95; A 70-76
top jaw: front canines overhang enclosed lower jaw
gill rakers 3+7-10
C: often 2 large spots
D & A: row large spots

Citharichthys dinoceros Goode & Bean, 1886

Spined Whiff, Doublespot Whiff

Body relatively elongate, oval, (depth 41-44% of SL); eyes on left side; between eyes narrow, completely filled by bony ridge, lower eye before top eye; snout with a short spine in front of top eye; mouth medium (upper jaw >1/3 head length), ends under lower eye; lower jaw included inside upper jaw when mouth is closed, with upper front canines overhanging; teeth ~equally developed on both sides of jaws, in 1 series of fixed teeth on each jaw; gill rakers long and slender, 3+7-10; dorsal fin 90-95; anal fin 70-76; pectoral fins on both sides of body, with branched rays; pelvics symmetrically positioned on belly, base of eye-side fin on body midline, short bases; tail fin bluntly rounded; urinary papilla on blind side, immediately behind anus; lateral line well developed on both sides, from edge of opercle to tail base, eye-side line ~straight, no branch under lower eye; scales rough on eye side, 43-53 on lateral line; snout not fully scaled.

Generally tan; dorsal and anal fins usually with a series of large dark spots; tail fin with or without 2 large dark spots, one above the other at rear.

Reaches 15 cm.

Lives on soft bottoms.

Depth range: 173-1829 m.

North Carolina to southern Brazil.

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  • Marine
  • Marine Only
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
  • Bottom only
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
  • Soft bottom only
  • Mud
FishBase Habitat
  • Bathydemersal
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • Data
  • Data
  • Bony fishes
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
Egg Type
  • Data
  • Pelagic
  • Pelagic larva
Global Endemism
  • All species
  • Greater Caribbean non-endemic
  • West Atlantic Endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Also in Brazil
  • Continent
  • Continent + Island (s)
  • Continental primarily
  • Extends South of GC
  • GC non-endemic
  • Island (s)
  • All species
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Equatorial (0-10N, Costa Rica / Venezuela)
  • Subtropical (23-35N, Florida / Carolinas / Bermuda)
  • Tropical (10-23N, Nicaragua / Cuba)
IUCN Red List
  • Least concern
  • Listed
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 15
Depth Range Min
  • 173
Depth Range Max
  • 1829