Shorefishes of the Greater Caribbean online information system

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Species: Neoepinnula americana, American Sackfish

All Families:   All Genera:   All Species:

juvenile: pelvics < pectorals
2 LL, originate together under front D
skin smooth, small scales, no tubercles
preopercle no spines
small size

Neoepinnula americana (Grey, 1953)

American Sackfish

Body moderately deep (21-24% SL), compressed; head ~1/3 of SL; narrow between eyes; no spines on lower corner of preopercle; operculum with 2 flat spines; lower jaw projecting, both jaws without skin knobs at front; top jaws with 3 pairs of fangs at front, lower jaw with 1 pair; dorsal fin XVI + I, 17-20; anal fin I+I (free spines) + I, 17-20; dorsal & anal fins without rear finlets; pectoral fins 15-16; pelvics smaller than pectorals in juvenile, inserted under middle of pectorals I,5; tail forked; tail base without keels; lateral lines double, both originates at top corner of operculum, top line along upper body profile. bottom line runs down behind edge of operculum and pectoral base and continues along bottom body profiles; skin smooth, with small scales, no tubercles, no keel along belly.

Silvery-brown above, silvery below; inside mouth and gill cover pale; fins translucent brown.

Reaches 26 cm.

Lives on and near the bottom.

Depth: 166-1027 m.

West Atlantic; Bermuda to northern Brazil.

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  • Marine
  • Marine Only
  • Offshore
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
  • Bottom + water column
  • Near Bottom
  • Water column
  • Mud
FishBase Habitat
  • Bentho-Pelagic
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • Data
  • Data
  • Bony fishes
  • Pelagic crustacea
Egg Type
  • Data
  • Pelagic
  • Pelagic larva
Global Endemism
  • All species
  • Greater Caribbean non-endemic
  • West Atlantic Endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Also in Brazil
  • Continent
  • Continent + Island (s)
  • GC non-endemic
  • Island (s)
  • All species
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Equatorial (0-10N, Costa Rica / Venezuela)
  • Subtropical (23-35N, Florida / Carolinas / Bermuda)
  • Tropical (10-23N, Nicaragua / Cuba)
IUCN Red List
  • Least concern
  • Listed
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 26
Depth Range Min
  • 166
Depth Range Max
  • 1027