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Species: Neoepinnula americana, American sackfish

All Families:   All Genera:   All Species:

body depth ~1/4 SL
pelvics < pectorals
2 LL, originate together
skin smooth, small scales, no tubercles
preopercle no spines
tail base no keels

Neoepinnula americana (Grey, 1953)

American sackfish

Body moderately deep (21-24% SL), compressed; head ~1/3 of SL; narrow between eyes; no spines on lower corner of preopercle; operculum with 2 flat spines; lower jaw projecting, both jaws without skin knobs at front; top jaws with 3 pairs of fangs at front, lower jaw with 1 pair; dorsal fin XVI + I, 17-20; anal fin I+I (free spines) + I, 17-20; dorsal & anal fins without rear finlets; pectoral fins 15-16; pelvics smaller than pectorals, inserted under middle of pectorals I,5; tail forked; tail base without keels; lateral lines double, both originates at top corner of operculum, top line along upper body profile. bottom line runs down behind edge of operculum and pectoral base and continues along bottom body profiles; skin smooth, with small scales, no tubercles, no keel along belly.

Silvery-brown above, silvery below; inside mouth and gill cover pale; fins translucent brown.

Reaches 26 cm.

Lives on and near the bottom.

Depth: 166-1027 m.

West Atlantic; Bermuda to northern Brazil.

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  • Marine
  • Marine Only
  • Offshore
Water Column Position
  • Near Bottom
  • Bottom
  • Bottom + water column
  • Mud
  • Water column
FishBase Habitat
  • Bentho-Pelagic
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • Data
  • Pelagic crustacea
  • Data
  • Bony fishes
Egg Type
  • Data
  • Pelagic
  • Pelagic larva
Global Endemism
  • West Atlantic Endemic
  • All species.
  • Greater Caribbean non-endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Continent + Island (s)
  • All species..
  • GC non-endemic
  • Island (s)
  • Also in Brazil
  • Continent
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Tropical (10-23N, Nicaragua / Cuba)
  • Subtropical (23-35N, Florida / Carolinas / Bermuda)
  • Equatorial (0-10N, Costa Rica / Venezuela)
IUCN Red List
  • Least concern
  • Listed
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 26
Depth Range Min
  • 166
Depth Range Max
  • 1027