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Species: Hypoplectrus ecosur, Spotted Hamlet

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3 dark bars: head, nape, mid-body
spots: 4-5 top rear back, C base -2

Hypoplectrus ecosur Victor, 2012

Spotted Hamlet

Head and body deep, strongly compressed; forehead straight; snout relatively short; top jaw protrusible; rear of top jaw exposed when mouth closed, without accessory bone above it; teeth fixed; preoperculum angular, serrated, several small forward pointing spines on lower edge near the corner; gill rakers 17-19; dorsal fin X, 14-15, no notch after spines, membranes between spines not indented; pelvics long, reach to or beyond anus; tail fin slightly forked; lateral line scales 52; soft dorsal and anal fins mostly scaleless.

Pale tan; blue spots on side of snout, blue lines on sides of head and chest, body with thin blue bars; 2 dark red-brown to grey-brown bars on head, a long one through eye, a short one across nape; body with one distinct bar, broad, long and intense, under spiny dorsal fin, this followed by 4-5 small, round dark spots along the upper back and tail base, those spots superimposed on 3 faint bars on the rear of the body; base of the tail fin with a pair of dark round spots, one above the other, pelvics dark brown, with a blue outer edge; median fins yellowish, with thin blue lines.

Reaches probably ~15 cm.

Lives on reefs.

Depth range: 3-20 m?

Across the entire northern coast of the Yucatan.

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  • Marine
  • Marine Only
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
  • Bottom only
  • Reef only
  • Corals
  • Reef (rock/coral/oyster)
  • Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom)
FishBase Habitat
  • Reef Associated
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • Data
  • Data
  • Bony fishes
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
Egg Type
  • Data
  • Pelagic
  • Pelagic larva
Global Endemism
  • All species
  • Greater Caribbean endemic
  • West Atlantic Endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Continent
  • Continent only
  • GC endemic
  • Gulf of Mexico endemic
  • All species
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Tropical (10-23N, Nicaragua / Cuba)
IUCN Red List
  • Data deficient
  • Listed
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 15
Depth Range Min
  • 3
Depth Range Max
  • 20