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Species: Anthias woodsi, Longtailed Jewelfish, Swallowtail Bass

All Families:   All Genera:   All Species:

red + broad yellow stripe
D yellow; C, A & pelvics red, C yellow borders
D: longest spine (IV-V) with short filament
D: front soft rays - filaments
C: v long filaments

Anthias woodsi Anderson & Heemstra, 1980

Swallowtail Bass, Longtailed Jewelfish

Body elongate, oblong to oval, strongly compressed; head, strongly compressed; eye large; no fleshy papillae around edge of eye; front and rear nostrils close together; rear edge of front nostril with a flap, but no filament; mouth strongly oblique, lower jaw projecting, rear of top jaw exposed when mouth closed, without accessory bone above it; no teeth on tongue; tooth patch on center of roof of mouth chevron shaped, not prolonged at rear; preoperculum with rear margin serrated, but no forward pointing spines on lower corner; 38-40 gill rakers; dorsal fin X, 14 (rarely 15), longest spine (usually no. IV) 12-17% SL, each spine tip ending in a short filament, anterior soft rays filamentous; anal fin III, 7 (rarely 8); pectorals 18 (rarely 16); pelvic inserted slightly before base of pectoral, 27-41% SL; tail fin forked, lobes with long filaments (49-110% SL); scales rough, without small accessory scales on head or body, 45-46 (42-48) on lateral line; head and jaws fully scaled, including lower jaw and throat; lateral line complete.

Head and body red; iris pale, front half with an outer blue ring; a broad yellow stripe from rear of eye along upper body, narrowing at rear and extending along upper edge of tail fin and the top filament; that yellow stripe bounded above and below by purplish red; dorsal fin yellow; anal and pelvic fins reddish; tail fin reddish, with yellow top and bottom borders.

Reaches about 53 cm, including the tail filaments.

Lives on deep reefs.

Depth range: 90-475 m.

New Jersey to the northeast Gulf of Mexico.

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  • Marine
  • Marine Only
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
  • Bottom + water column
  • Reef only
  • Rocks
  • Water column
  • Reef (rock/coral/oyster)
  • Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom)
FishBase Habitat
  • Reef Associated
Feeding Group
  • Data
  • Planktivore
  • Data
  • Zooplankton
Egg Type
  • Data
  • Pelagic
  • Pelagic larva
Global Endemism
  • All species
  • Greater Caribbean non-endemic
  • West Atlantic Endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Continent
  • Continent only
  • Extends North of GC
  • GC non-endemic
  • All species
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Subtropical (23-35N, Florida / Carolinas / Bermuda)
  • Temperate (>35N)
IUCN Red List
  • Least concern
  • Listed
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 52
Depth Range Min
  • 90
Depth Range Max
  • 475