Shorefishes of the Greater Caribbean online information system

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Species: Kyphosus vaigiensis, Yellow Chub, Yellow Sea Chub

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snout profile rounded, no forehead bump
snout long
soft D & A low, A front profile rounded
body: distinct brassy stripes

Kyphosus vaigiensis (Quoy & Gaimard, 1825)

Yellow Chub, Yellow Sea Chub

Body oval, compressed; small pointed head; snout relatively long, before eye gently convex, without a bump, front head profile rounded; mouth small, horizontal and opens at the front; the top jawbone slips partially under the under-eye bone when the mouth is closed; teeth immovable incisiform, bases set horizontally in mouth, rounded tips and a curved, hockey-stick shape; teeth on center of roof of mouth and on tongue; gill rakers 29 (24-33; 5-11+16-24); dorsal fin continuous, XI (X-XI) spines that fold down into a scaly groove, 14 (13-15) rays; anal rays III, 13 (12-14); soft dorsal and anal fins relatively low, front soft rays of anal not extended, front of fin with rounded profile; tail fin forked; paired fins are relatively short; origin of the pelvics behind the base of the pectoral fin; scales small, thick and rough, covering the body & head (except forward of eyes) and soft portions of the median fins, present between eyes; lateral line scales 56-81, 56 (52-64) with pores, longitudinal scales 63 (56-76) (the row from edge of operculum to end of tail base, immediately under the lateral line scale row).

Silvery blue-grey with 23-29 gold to brassy lines along body, those above lateral line curved like that line, a gold or brassy stripe under eye.

Size: attains 48 cm.

Habitat: often occurs in large schools on rocky reefs.

Depth: 0-30 m.

Pantropical; New England to Brazil.

Note: K. incisor (W Atlantic) & K. analogus (E Pacific) are synonyms. Known elsewhere as the Golden seachub, Brassy seachub or Blue-bronze seachub.

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  • Marine
  • Marine Only
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
  • Bottom + water column
  • Mid Water
  • Near Surface
  • Surface
  • Reef only
  • Rocks
  • Water column
  • Corals
  • Flotsam
  • Reef (rock/coral/oyster)
  • Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom)
FishBase Habitat
  • Bentho-Pelagic
  • Reef Associated
Feeding Group
  • Data
  • Herbivore
  • Omnivore
  • Data
  • Zooplankton
  • Benthic macroalgae/seagrasses
  • Benthic microalgae
  • Pelagic fish larvae
  • Sessile crustacea
  • Sessile molluscs
  • Sessile worms
Egg Type
  • Data
  • Pelagic
  • Pelagic larva
Global Endemism
  • All species
  • Circumtropical ( Indian + Pacific + Atlantic Oceans)
  • Greater Caribbean non-endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Also in Brazil
  • Continent
  • Continent + Island (s)
  • Extends N + S of GC
  • GC non-endemic
  • Island (s)
  • All species
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Equatorial (0-10N, Costa Rica / Venezuela)
  • Subtropical (23-35N, Florida / Carolinas / Bermuda)
  • Temperate (>35N)
  • Tropical (10-23N, Nicaragua / Cuba)
IUCN Red List
  • Least concern
  • Listed
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 48
Depth Range Min
  • 0
Depth Range Max
  • 30