Shorefishes of the Greater Caribbean online information system

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Species: Harriotta raleighana, Bigspine Spookfish, Longnose Chimaera, Narrownose Chimaera

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top head profile convex
snout upturned
male: top edge of C smooth
top tooth plates rough
No A

Harriotta raleighana Goode & Bean, 1895

Longnose Chimaera, Bigspine Spookfish, Narrownose Chimaera

Body compressed, elongate, tapering to a filamentous tail; head very large, top profile convex; snout very long, elongate, spear-like, wide at base, tapering to a fine point, tip curved up; eyes large, bright green; nostrils large, before mouth, connected to outer corner of mouth by a deep groove covered with a flap; mouth under head, slightly before eyes; teeth are large, rough external plates, 2 pairs above, 1 pair below; gill opening before pectoral, covered by fleshy operculum; 2 separate dorsal fins; 1st dorsal fin large, triangular, erect, with a long spine at front, spine straight, equal to or longer than dorsal fin height; 2nd dorsal fin low, long based, relatively even height; anal fin absent; pectoral fins broad, triangular, large, reach past 2nd dorsal origin; pelvic fins broad, triangular; tail fin elongate, oval, lower lobe a little larger than upper lobe, with a short whip-like rear filament, top lobe of fin without tubercles; lateral line canals well developed, on head and body noticeably open; skin smooth, no scales; males external sex organslarge, stick-like, with fleshy, toothed tip.

Color: uniform dark blackish brown.

Reaches about 120 cm.

Depth range: 350-3100 m, larger fish deeper.

Benthopelagic over soft and hard bottoms.

Circumglobal, patchily distributed; the northwest Atlantic south to the Carolinas; the Gulf of Mexico

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  • Marine
  • Marine Only
  • Offshore
  • Offshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
  • Bottom + water column
  • Near Bottom
  • Rocks
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
  • Water column
  • Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom)
FishBase Habitat
  • Bathydemersal
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • Data
  • Data
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
  • Mobile benthic gastropods/bivalves
Egg Type
  • Benthic
  • Data
  • No pelagic larva
  • No pelagic phase
Global Endemism
  • All species
  • Circumtropical ( Indian + Pacific + Atlantic Oceans)
  • Greater Caribbean non-endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Continent
  • Extends North of GC
  • GC non-endemic
  • All species
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Subtropical (23-35N, Florida / Carolinas / Bermuda)
  • Temperate (>35N)
IUCN Red List
  • Least concern
  • Listed
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 120
Depth Range Min
  • 350
Depth Range Max
  • 3100